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《经济学人》:中国城镇化,你生活在哪里?

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Urbanisation
城镇化

Where do you live?
你生活在哪里?

Town- and country-dwellers have radically different prospects
城镇居民和农村居民的前途是截然不同

Rus in urbe
IN DAYI COUNTY, a couple of hours’ drive down a motorway from the city of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan Province, Chinese tourists stroll through the meandering courtyards of a rural mansion. In the 1950s, soon after Mao seized power, the mansion was turned into a museum, intended as a showcase of evil. It once belonged to Liu Wencai, a landowner supposedly notorious for ill-treating his tenant farmers. Liu embodied a class despised by Mao, who came to power on the back of a promise to give land back to the peasants.

在大邑县,距离四川省府成都市数小时车程的一个县城里,中国游客漫步于一家乡间宅所那曲折的庭院里。在1950年代,在毛泽东掌权后不久,这栋宅所被辟为了一家博物馆,以作为罪恶的展品。它曾一度归属为刘文彩(Liu Wencai),作为地主,刘文彩因被断定虐待他自己的长工而臭名昭著。刘文彩代表了为毛泽东所鄙视的那样一个阶级。而毛泽东在掌权后,推动了将土地交还给农民的这样一个承诺的兑现。

In its Maoist heyday the museum was a place of pilgrimage. Red Guards swarmed there for ritual denunciations of Liu and his ilk. A high point of their visit was a trip to the “water dungeon”, a room with several inches of water covering the floor where Liu had allegedly kept disobedient farmers. Another was a series of life-size sculptures of peasants and their vicious oppressors. A politically disfavoured curator from Beijing’s Forbidden City who happened to look like Liu was forced to stand next to the sculptures as a “living Liu Wencai” so that visitors could shout and (though not strictly permitted) spit at him, according to Geremie Barmé of Australian National University.

在毛泽东思想的全盛期,这个博物馆就是个圣地。红卫兵扫荡了这里,为的就是仪式性的宣示刘文彩和他的同类。他们的串联的一个高潮是参观“水龙”,即刘文彩非法拘禁不守规矩的长工的地方:一间数尺深的水漫过地面的房间。而另外一个高潮是,一套由长工和他们恶毒的压迫者组成的真人大小的雕塑。据澳洲大学的Geremie Barmé讲,一位来自北京紫禁城的,在政治上的失宠的馆长,因碰巧长得像刘文彩而被作为“活刘文彩”强迫站在这些个雕塑边上,以让参观者能够对着他大声喊叫,大吐口水(尽管严格的说,并没有得到这样的允许)。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
ambitious [æm'biʃəs]

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adj. 有雄心的,有抱负的,野心勃勃的

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reluctant [ri'lʌktənt]

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adj. 不情愿的,勉强的

 
collective [kə'lektiv]

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adj. 集体的,共同的
n. 集体

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finicky ['finiki]

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adj. 苛求的,过分讲究的

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switch [switʃ]

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n. 开关,转换,鞭子
v. 转换,改变,交换

 
expansion [iks'pænʃən]

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n. 扩大,膨胀,扩充

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permitted

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adj. 被允许的 v. 允许(permit的过去分词)

 
cautious ['kɔ:ʃəs]

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adj. 十分小心的,谨慎的

 
trend [trend]

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n. 趋势,倾向,方位
vi. 倾向,转向

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impact ['impækt,im'pækt]

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n. 冲击(力), 冲突,影响(力)
vt.

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