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《经济学人》:天行健,女子以自强不息

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Schumpeter

The daughter also rises
天行健,女子以自强不息

Women are storming emerging-world boardrooms
女性席卷新兴世界的董事会

Aug 27th 2011 | from the print edition

ZHANG YIN (also known by her Cantonese name, Cheung Yan) was the eldest of eight children of a lowly Red Army officer who was imprisoned during the Cultural Revolution for “capitalist offences”. Today she is one of the world’s richest self-made women, with an estimated fortune of $1.6 billion. In the early 1980s, as a dogsbody in a paper mill, she noted that the waste paper her superiors so casually discarded was actually worth something. She has been capitalising on her insight ever since. Nine Dragons Paper, which she founded with her husband in 1995, is now one of the world’s largest paper recyclers.

张茵出生在一个普通的红军军官家庭,是家里八个孩子中最大的。父亲曾在文革时期因“走资本主义道路”被关进监狱。而今天拥有16亿美元资产的她却成为了世界上最富有的白手起家的女性之一。在80年代初期,张茵在一家造纸厂做杂工。在此期间她注意到工人们随便丢弃的废纸实际上还有利用价值的。从此她的洞察力给她带来了源源不断的财富。1995年张茵和丈夫一起创办的玖龙纸业,现如今已成为了世界上最大的废纸回收企业之一。

The emerging world is home to many businesswomen like Ms Zhang. Seven of the 14 women identified on Forbes magazine’s list of self-made billionaires are Chinese. Many firms in emerging markets do a better job of promoting women than their Western rivals, some surveys suggest. In China, 32% of senior managers are female, compared with 23% in America and 19% in Britain. In India, 11% of chief executives of large companies are female, compared with 3% of Fortune 500 bosses in America and 3% of FTSE 100 bosses in Britain. Turkey and Brazil come third and joint fourth (behind Finland and Norway) in the World Economic Forum’s ranking of countries by the proportion of CEOs who are women. In Brazil, 11% of chief executives and 30% of senior executives are women.

许多像张女士这样的女商人都来自新兴世界。在《福布斯》杂志亿万富豪榜中上榜的14位白手起家的女富豪中,就有7位是中国人。一些调查研究显示,在女职员晋升方面,许多来自新兴市场的公司都比来自西方的竞争对手强。在中国,32%的高级管理人员是女性,而在美国、英国这一比例分别只有23%、19%。在印度,大型公司的首席执行官中11%为女性,而美国福布斯500强老板中3%为女性,英国富时100老板中也只有3%为女性。世界经济论坛按女性CEO所占比例给各个国家排名,土耳其和巴西并列三四位(排在芬兰和挪威之后)。在巴西,女性首席执行官和女性高级主管所占比例分别为11%和30%。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
fortune ['fɔ:tʃən]

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n. 财产,命运,运气

 
dissolve [di'zɔlv]

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vt. 消除,解散,使溶解,解决(问题), 使沮丧

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mill [mil]

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n. 磨坊,磨粉机,工厂
v. 碾碎,磨,(使

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corporate ['kɔ:pərit]

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adj. 社团的,法人的,共同的,全体的

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global ['gləubəl]

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adj. 全球性的,全世界的,球状的,全局的

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joint [dʒɔint]

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adj. 联合的,共同的,合资的,连带的
n.

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mettle ['metl]

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n. 勇气,气质,性格

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rare [rɛə]

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adj. 稀罕的,稀薄的,罕见的,珍贵的
ad

 
solution [sə'lu:ʃən]

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n. 解答,解决办法,溶解,溶液

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insight ['insait]

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n. 洞察力

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