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《经济学人》:电子教学-跃然于教室间

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Electronic education

电子教学

Flipping the classroom

电子教学——跃然于教室间

Sep 17th 2011 | LOS ALTOS | from the print edition

Hopes that the internet can improve teaching may at last be bearing fruit

但愿旨在改善教学互联网终能修成正果

THE 12-year-olds filing into Courtney Cadwell’s classroom at Egan Junior High in Los Altos, a leafy suburb of Silicon Valley, each take a white MacBook from a trolley, log on to a website called KhanAcademy.org and begin doing maths exercises. They will not get a lecture from Ms Cadwell, because they have already viewed, at home, various lectures as video clips on KhanAcademy (given by Salman Khan, its founder). And Ms, logged in as a “coach”, can see exactly who has watched which. This means that class time is now free for something else: one-on-one instruction by Ms Cadwell, or what used to be known as tutoring.

Egan初中坐落于硅谷郊外郁郁葱葱的洛斯拉图斯,那里12岁的孩子们选了Courtney Cadwell老师的课程,他们每个人都从手推车里拿一部白色笔记本电脑,然后登陆到KhanAcademy.org网站去做数学题。Cadwell老师用不着再给他们上课,因为学生们已经在家看过了Khan教育网站上的各种授课视频(该网站得名于其创始人Salman Khan)。Cadwell老师以“指导老师”的身份登陆便可以对每位同学的学习进度了如指掌。这样一来,课堂时间就可以留作他用,Cadwell老师可以给学生们作一对一的指导,也就是相当于平常说的家教。

So Ms Cadwell, in her own web browser, pulls up a dashboard where KhanAcademy’s software presents, through the internet, the data the children are producing at that instant. She can view information for the entire class or any individual pupil. Just then she sees two fields, representing modules, turning from green to red, one for Andrea, the other for Asia. Ms Cadwell sees that Andrea is struggling with exponents, Asia with fractions. “Instead of having to guess where my students have gaps, I can see it, at that moment, and I walk over to that one student,” says Ms Cadwell, as she arrives at Asia’s chair.

于是,Cadwell老师在自己的浏览器上调出了Khan教育软件,它可以通过网络即时传输孩子们的学习数据,这样她就可以看到整个课堂或者每一个学生的信息。就在这时,代表教学模块个两个板块的由绿变红,分别显示出了Andrea和Asia两位同学。Cadwell老师发现Andrea不太会做代数题,而Asia的在做分数题时遇到了困难。“我用不着去猜学生们哪里会有问题,我可以即时发现并走到学生的面前去做单独辅导”,Cadwell一边说一边走到了Asia的座位旁。

While the other pupils continue to work at their own pace and at different problems, Ms Cadwell now spends a few minutes just with Andrea and Asia. Soon Andrea has an epiphany and starts firing correct answers, getting, in KhanAcademy’s jargon, a “badge”, then going “transonic”. A few minutes later, Asia also gets a “streak”. She lets out a shriek. Ms Cadwell, with a big smile, is off to another pupil. “The growth in these kids is just staggering,” she says. “This is the future. I don’t see how it couldn’t be.”

其他同学继续按照自己的节奏去攻克不同的难题,Cadwell老师则用几分钟的时间指导Andrea和Aisa。很快Andrea恍然大悟并火速的写出了正确答案,用Khan网站上的话说,她得到了一个“徽章”,然后开始了“超音速”的进步。几分钟之后,Asia叫了一声,她也突然“灵光一闪”。Cadwell老师笑容满面并走向了其他学生。“孩子们取得了惊人的进步,”她说,“将来用这用教育模式,在我看来未尝不可。”

重点单词   查看全部解释    
replace [ri(:)'pleis]

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vt. 取代,更换,将物品放回原处

 
social ['səuʃəl]

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adj. 社会的,社交的
n. 社交聚会

 
counter ['kauntə]

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n. 计算器,计算者,柜台
[计算机] 计数器

 
contrast ['kɔntræst,kən'træst]

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n. 差别,对比,对照物
v. 对比,成对照<

 
demean [di'mi:n]

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vt. 贬抑,降低 vt. 刻意

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liberate ['libəreit]

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v. 解放,使获得自由,释出,放出
vt. 解

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institution [.insti'tju:ʃən]

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n. 机构,制度,创立

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methodology [.meθə'dɔlədʒi]

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n. 一套方法,方法学

 
quality ['kwɔliti]

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n. 品质,特质,才能
adj. 高品质的

 
flexible ['fleksəbl]

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adj. 灵活的,易弯曲的,柔韧的,可变通的

联想记忆


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