手机APP下载

您现在的位置: 首页 > 英语听力 > 国外媒体资讯 > 经济学人双语版 > 经济学人综合 > 正文

《经济学人》:怎样死才算死?

来源:Ecocn 编辑:Sunny   VIP免费外教试听课 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet
 下载MP3到电脑  批量下载MP3和LRC到手机
加载中..

Psychology
心理学

How dead is dead?
怎样死才算死?

Sometimes, those who have died seem more alive than those who have not
有时,死人似乎比活人更"活"。

Aug 20th 2011 | from the print edition

IN GENERAL, people are pretty good at differentiating between the quick and the dead. Modern medicine, however, has created a third option, the persistent vegetative state. People in such a state have serious brain damage as a result of an accident or stroke. This often means they have no hope of regaining consciousness. Yet because parts of their brains that run activities such as breathing are intact, their vital functions can be sustained indefinitely.

通常,人们都比较擅长分辨生者与死者。然而,现代医学技术创造了第三个选项——永久性植物人状态。处于这种状态的人,其大脑因意外或中风而严重受损。这经常意味着他们没有希望再恢复意识。但是,由于他们大脑里负责某些生理活动(如呼吸)的部分仍然完好,所以他们的生命机能可以被永远维持下去。

When, if ever, to withdraw medical support from such people, and thus let them die, is always a traumatic decision. It depends in part, though, on how the fully alive view the mental capacities of the vegetative—an area that has not been investigated much.

何时撤走维持他们生命的医疗手段,任其死去(如果真的要这样做的话)?这是个痛苦的决定。不过,这在某种程度上取决于真正活着的人如何看待植物人的心智活动能力,这个领域人类还未作过深入研究。

To fill that gap Kurt Gray of the University of Maryland, and Annie Knickman and Dan Wegner of Harvard University, conducted an experiment designed to ascertain just how people perceive those in a persistent vegetative state. What they found astonished them.

为了填补这个领域的空白,马里兰州大学的库尔特•格雷和哈佛大学的丹•魏格纳进行了一个实验,旨在确定人们如何认知植物人。实验结果令他们大吃一惊。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
perceive [pə'si:v]

想一想再看

vt. 察觉,感觉,认知,理解

联想记忆
possess [pə'zes]

想一想再看

vt. 持有,支配

 
environment [in'vaiərənmənt]

想一想再看

n. 环境,外界

 
decision [di'siʒən]

想一想再看

n. 决定,决策

 
inert [in'ə:t]

想一想再看

adj. 惰性的,迟钝的

联想记忆
considerable [kən'sidərəbl]

想一想再看

adj. 相当大的,可观的,重要的

联想记忆
unconscious [ʌn'kɔnʃəs]

想一想再看

adj. 失去知觉的

联想记忆
astonished [əs'tɔniʃt]

想一想再看

adj. 惊讶的 动词astonish的过去式和过去分词

 
persistent [pə'sistənt]

想一想再看

adj. 固执的,坚持的,连续的

联想记忆
scale [skeil]

想一想再看

n. 鳞,刻度,衡量,数值范围
v. 依比例决

 


关键字:

发布评论我来说2句

    英语学习专题

    • 英语听写训练
      听写强化训练系统有听写比对,按句停顿,中文翻译、听写错词提示等特色功能.
    • 经济学人中英双语版
      提供经济学人中英双语版文章、音频、中英字幕,类别包括文艺、人物、科技、商业等..
    • 可可英语微信:ikekenet
      关注可可英语官方微信,每天将会向大家推送短小精悍的英语学习资料..

    可可英语官方微信(微信号:ikekenet)

    每天向大家推送短小精悍的英语学习资料.

    添加方式1.扫描上方可可官方微信二维码。
    添加方式2.搜索微信号ikekenet添加即可。