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劳动收获健康 自己种植有机农产品

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Tired of not knowing where your food comes from? Follow these steps to grow your own delicious, organic produce.

厌倦了辨别食品来源?遵循以下简单的步骤,自己种植美味的有机农产品。

You Will Need

你需要

Farmland

农田

Natural pesticides, fertilizers, and fungicides

天然杀虫剂,肥料和杀菌剂

Crop rotation

作物轮作

Cover crops

肥田作物

A green thumb

园艺技能

Steps

步骤

Step 1 Learn the basics

1.学习基本技巧

Understand the basics. In organic farming, the use of synthetic pesticides or fertilizers is prohibited. Instead, farmers use natural methods to create and maintain healthy soil, control weeds, reduce pests, and manage diseases.

掌握基本技巧。在有机农业中,禁止使用合成杀虫剂或肥料。农民使用天然的方法来改良和维持土壤,控制杂草,减少害虫,管理疾病。

Any organization selling more than $5,000 of organic produce a year must be certified by the USDA.

每年销售超过5,000美元的有机农产品的任何机构都必须通过美国农业部的认证。

Step 2 Make a crop rotation plan

2.制定轮作计划

Develop a crop rotation plan. Maximize soil efficiency and reduce pests and diseases by planting different crops in a particular location from year to year.

制定作物轮作计划。每年在特定的位置种植不同的作物,实现土壤效率最大化,减少虫害和病害。

Step 3 Use compost and fertilizers

3.使用堆肥和有机肥料

Recycle plant waste, manure, and other organic materials in a compost pile for use as fertilizer. Seed meal and mineral powders like rock phosphate and greensand can also be used to keep soil fertile and at the right pH.

回收植物废料,粪便和其他有机物质,制作堆肥,用作肥料。粗粉和矿物质粉末,例如磷钙土和绿砂都可以用于保持土壤肥沃,酸碱平衡。

Step 4 Manage soil and weeds

4.管理土壤和杂草

Use beneficial plants called cover crops in the same field or garden as the main crop to keep the soil in good condition naturally, draw pests away, and smother weeds. For more thorough weed control, pick them by hand or use natural herbicides like corn gluten meal.

在同一片农田或花园中种植有益的肥田作物来保持土壤良好状况,驱赶害虫,抑制杂草。为了更彻底地控制杂草,用手将他们拔掉,或者使用天然除草剂,例如玉米麸质。

Step 5 Reduce pests

5.减少害虫

Reduce pests without using chemicals by trimming away dying material, and housing plants in row covers or in a greenhouse.

不用化学物质也可以减少害虫。可以修剪掉坏死的植株,覆盖或者在温室中种植。

You can also encourage beneficial organisms like birds and insects that prey on pests to live in your field or garden.

也可以让一些有益的鸟类或昆虫来捕杀农田或花园中的害虫。

Step 6 Manage disease

6.疾病管理

Manage disease by removing diseased or dying plants. Use organic fungicides or cultivate good bacteria to combat harmful bacteria. At harvest time, enjoy the fruits -- and vegetables -- of your labor!

切除患病或病死植株来管理疾病。使用有机杀菌剂或培养有益细菌来抵抗有害细菌。在收获季节,尽情享受自己辛勤劳动换来的果实和蔬菜吧!

Almost 70 percent of U.S. shoppers bought at least one organic product over a three-month period.

接近70%的美国购物者每三个月至少购买一次有机农产品。

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重点单词   查看全部解释    
organic [ɔ:'gænik]

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adj. 器官的,有机的,根本的,接近自然的

 
thorough ['θʌrə]

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adj. 彻底的,完全的,详尽的,精心的

 
produce [prə'dju:s]

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n. 产品,农作物
vt. 生产,提出,引起,

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understand [.ʌndə'stænd]

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vt. 理解,懂,听说,获悉,将 ... 理解为,认为<

 
row [rəu,rau]

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n. 排,船游,吵闹
vt. 划船,成排

 
fertile ['fə:tail]

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adj. 肥沃的,富饶的,能繁殖的,多产的,(创造力)丰

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thumb [θʌm]

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n. 拇指
v. 翻阅,示意要求搭车

 
compost ['kɔmpɔst]

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n. 混合肥料,堆肥 vt. 使成堆肥

 
particular [pə'tikjulə]

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adj. 特殊的,特别的,特定的,挑剔的
n.

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maximize ['mæksimaiz]

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v. 取 ... 最大值,最佳化,对 ... 极为重视

 


关键字: 农产品 有机 健康

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