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万物简史(MP3+中英字幕) 第275期:砰!(10)

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While Gene Shoemaker was trying to get people galvanized about the potential dangers of the inner solar system, another development—wholly unrelated on the face of it, was quietly unfolding in Italy with the work of a young geologist from the Lamont Doherty Laboratory at Columbia University.

正当尤金·苏梅克试图提醒人们注意太阳系内部的潜在危险的时候,由于哥伦比亚大学莱蒙特·多赫蒂实验室的一位年轻地质学家的工作,另一件大事──表面看来完全没有关系──在意大利悄悄揭开序幕。
In the early 1970s, Walter Alvarez was doing fieldwork in a comely defile known as the Bottaccione Gorge, near the Umbrian hill town of Gubbio, when he grew curious about a thin band of reddish clay that divided two ancient layers of limestone—one from the Cretaceous period, the other from the Tertiary. This is a point known to geology as the KT boundary,
20世纪70年代初,在距离翁布里亚地区的山城古比奥不远的地方,沃尔特·阿尔瓦雷斯正在一个名叫博塔西昂峡谷的峡道里作实地考察。他突然对薄薄的一层淡红色黏土发生了兴趣。这层黏土把古代灰岩分为两层,一层属于白垩纪,一层属于第三纪。这在地质学里被称之为KT界线。
陨石

It is KT rather than CT because C had already been appropriated for Cambrian. Depending on which source you credit, the K comes either from the Greek Kreta or German Kreide. Both conveniently mean "chalk," which is also what Cretaceous means.

是KT界线,而不是CT界线,因为C已经用来代表“寒武纪”。K不是来自希腊语Kreta,就是来自德语Kreide。二者的意思都是白垩,这也是“白垩纪”的意思。
and it marks the time, sixty-five million years ago,when the dinosaurs and roughly half the world's other species of animals abruptly vanish from the fossil record. Alvarez wondered what it was about a thin lamina of clay, barely a quarter of an inch thick,that could account for such a dramatic moment in Earth's history.
它标志着6500万年前恐龙和世界上大约一半其他种类的动物从化石记录中突然消失。阿尔瓦雷斯不大明白,只有6毫米左右厚的薄薄一层黏土,怎么能说明地球史上这么个戏剧性的时刻。
At the time the conventional wisdom about the dinosaur extinction was the same as it had been in Charles Lyell's day a century earlier—namely that the dinosaurs had died out over millions of years.
当时,关于恐龙灭绝的时间,人们通常的看法与一个世纪前查尔斯·莱尔时代一样──即恐龙灭绝于几百万年以前。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
conventional [kən'venʃənl]

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adj. 传统的,惯例的,常规的

 
potential [pə'tenʃəl]

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adj. 可能的,潜在的
n. 潜力,潜能

 
curious ['kjuəriəs]

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adj. 好奇的,奇特的

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dramatic [drə'mætik]

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adj. 戏剧性的,引人注目的,给人深刻印象的

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credit ['kredit]

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n. 信用,荣誉,贷款,学分,赞扬,赊欠,贷方

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comely ['kʌmli]

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adj. 清秀的,美丽的,合适的

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source [sɔ:s]

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n. 发源地,来源,原始资料

 
defile [di'fail]

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vt. 弄脏,污损,败坏,玷污 vi. 以纵队前进 n.

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abruptly [ə'brʌptli]

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adv. 突然地,莽撞地,陡峭地,不连贯地

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clay [klei]

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n. 粘土,泥土
n. (人的)肉体

 
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