手机APP下载

您现在的位置: 首页 > 英语听力 > 双语有声读物 > 万物简史 > 正文

万物简史(MP3+中英字幕) 第366期:进入对流层(7)

来源:可可英语 编辑:villa   VIP免费外教试听课 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet
 下载MP3到电脑  批量下载MP3和LRC到手机
加载中..

Air is deceptive stuff. Even at sea level, we tend to think of the air as being ethereal and all but weightless. In fact, it has plenty of bulk, and that bulk often exerts itself. As a marine scientist named Wyville Thomson wrote more than a century ago: "We sometimes find when we get up in the morning, by a rise of an inch in the barometer, that nearly half a ton has been quietly piled upon us during the night, but we experience no inconvenience, rather a feeling of exhilaration and buoyancy, since it requires a little less exertion to move our bodies in the denser medium." The reason you don't feel crushed under that extra half ton of pressure is the same reason your body would not be crushed deep beneath the sea: it is made mostly of incompressible fluids, which push back, equalizing the pressures within and without.

空气是一种很会骗人的东西。即使在海平面的高度,我们往往会认为空气很轻,几乎没有分量。实际上,空气质量很大,还往往表现出来。海洋科学家怀维尔·汤姆森在一个多世纪以前写道:“早上起床的时候,我们有时候发现气压计升高了2.5厘米,说明夜间有将近半吨的分量一直悄悄地压在我们身上,而我们并没有觉得什么不方便,倒是有一种精力充沛的感觉,因为在密度较大的气体旦我们移动身体只需要较小的力。”你在增加半吨重的压力之下不会产生被压垮的感觉,与你的身体在大海深处不会被压垮的原因是一样的:你的身体主要是由无法压缩的液体组成的;液体会产生推力,使体内和体外的压力保持平衡。
大气

But get air in motion, as with a hurricane or even a stiff breeze, and you will quickly be reminded that it has very considerable mass. Altogether there are about 5,200 million million tons of air around us—25 million tons for every square mile of the planet—a not inconsequential volume. When you get millions of tons of atmosphere rushing past at thirty or forty miles an hour, it's hardly a surprise that limbs snap and roof tiles go flying. As Anthony Smith notes, a typical weather front may consist of 750 million tons of cold air pinned beneath a billion tons of warmer air. Hardly a wonder that the result is at times meteorologically exciting.

但是。要是空气处于流动状态,比如飓风,甚至是一阵强风,你很快会想到空气的质量还真不小。我们身边大约有5200万亿吨空气——本行星的每平方公里上有900多万吨——这是个不小的数量。当几百万吨空气以每小时五六十公里的速度流动的时候,树枝折断,屋顶瓦片飞走这是不足为怪的。正如安东尼·史密斯所说,一次典型的天气前锋,可能由10亿吨热空气加上压在底下的7.5亿吨冷空气组成。难怪气象部门有时候会很兴奋。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
stiff [stif]

想一想再看

adj. 硬的,僵直的,生硬的,拘谨的,不灵活的

 
deceptive [di'septiv]

想一想再看

adj. 迷惑的,虚伪的,诈欺的

联想记忆
pressure ['preʃə]

想一想再看

n. 压力,压强,压迫
v. 施压

联想记忆
mass [mæs]

想一想再看

n. 块,大量,众多
adj. 群众的,大规模

 
bulk [bʌlk]

想一想再看

n. 体积,容积,大批,大块,大部分
vt.

联想记忆
hurricane ['hʌrikən]

想一想再看

n. 飓风,飓风般猛烈的东西
adj.

联想记忆
typical ['tipikəl]

想一想再看

adj. 典型的,有代表性的,特有的,独特的

 
tend [tend]

想一想再看

v. 趋向,易于,照料,护理

 
exhilaration [ig.zilə'reiʃən]

想一想再看

n. 高兴,兴奋

 
exertion [ig'zə:ʃən]

想一想再看

n. 努力,发挥,运用

 
发布评论我来说2句

    英语学习专题

    • 英语听写训练
      听写强化训练系统有听写比对,按句停顿,中文翻译、听写错词提示等特色功能.
    • 经济学人中英双语版
      提供经济学人中英双语版文章、音频、中英字幕,类别包括文艺、人物、科技、商业等..
    • 可可英语微信:ikekenet
      关注可可英语官方微信,每天将会向大家推送短小精悍的英语学习资料..

    可可英语官方微信(微信号:ikekenet)

    每天向大家推送短小精悍的英语学习资料.

    添加方式1.扫描上方可可官方微信二维码。
    添加方式2.搜索微信号ikekenet添加即可。