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第40期:易混淆动词borrow和lend(2)

来源:可可英语 编辑:Melody   VIP免费外教试听课 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet

So, let's make sure you're getting that part right.

所以,让我们确定一下你理解这个部分吧。
So we have the subject and lend.
我们有主语+lend。
Now remember, the subject is the person who is doing the action,
记住,主语是指做动作的人,
so the person who is lending or who owns the object.
所以借出(lend)东西的人也就是拥有东西的人。
We have subject with lend with our object pronoun and our object.
这个句子有主语+动词lend+宾语代词+这个物品。
So the object pronoun tells us who is receiving the action.
宾语代词能告诉我们动作的接受者。
Can you lend me some money?
你能借给我一些钱吗?(Can you lend me some money?)
Now, lend can also be directly followed by the object
lend后面可以直接加物品,
but if you want to say who's receiving the action,
如果你想表示动作的接受者,
you need to use the preposition, to.
你需要使用介词to
So subject, lend, object, to someone.
所以主语+lend+物品+给某人to someone
Can you lend some money to me?
你能借给我一些钱吗?(Can you lend some money to me?)
Now, when using borrow
使用borrow的时候,
you can't use an object pronoun after the verb.
动词后面不能用宾语代词。
You can't say "Can you borrow me your car"
你不能说“Can you borrow me your car”
But you can use subject with borrow and the object.
你可以使用主语+borrow+物品。
Can I borrow a pen?
我能借一支钢笔吗?
And then you can add the preposition, from, and the person.
你后面也可以加上介词from,和人。
Can I borrow a pen from you?
我能向你借一只钢笔吗?(Can I borrow a pen from you?)
Can you lend a pen to Paul?
我能把钢笔借给保罗吗?(Can you lend a pen to Paul?)
Okay are you ready to practise with me?
好的,你准备好和我一起做练习了吗?
Practise using lend and borrow.
练习使用lend和borrow。
When I .... you my hairdryer, you said you'd give it back!
当我……你我的吹风机时,你说你会还回来的!(When I .... you my hairdryer, you said you'd give it back!)
When I lent you my hair dryer, you said, you'd give it back!
当我借给(lent)你我的吹风机时,你说你会还回来的!(When I lent you my hairdryer, you said you'd give it back!)
Now, there's an object pronoun here, so it can't be borrow, can it?
这里有一个宾语代词,所以不能用borrow,对吧?

difference-between-lend-and-borrow.jpg

And also take note of the tense used in the second clause.

同时还要注意第二个句子的时态。
The past simple. So your verb needs to reflect this.
是过去式。所以你的动词也要反映出这一点。
They said we could ... their lawnmower.
他们说我们可以……他们的割草机。(They said we could ... their lawnmower.)
Which one is it?
用哪个?
They said we could borrow their lawnmower.
他们说我们可以借用他们的割草机。(They said we could borrow their lawnmower.)
Their lawnmower is not ours so it must be borrow.
是他们的割草机,不是我们的,所以要用borrow。
He'll ... him the money if he really needs it.
如果他真的需要的话,他会……他钱的。(He'll ... him the money if he really needs it.)
He'll lend him the money if he really needs it.
如果他真的需要的话,他会借给(lend)他钱的。(He'll lend him the money if he really needs it.)
So there's an object pronoun here so it can't be borrow.
这里有一个宾语代词,所以不能用borrow。
She asked me if she could ... $500.
她问我是否她可以……500美元。(She asked me if she could ... $500.)
She asked me if she could borrow $500.
她问我是否她可以借用(borrow)500美元。(She asked me if she could ... $500.)
Now the clue here is in the verb asked.
这句话中的线索是动词asked。
The person who is lending the item is not asking for it, are they?
借出东西的人不会主动要求的,对吧?
So it must be borrow.
所以一定是用borrow。
Okay well I hope that lesson was useful for you.
好的,我希望这节课对你有用。
Just remember that lend is to give and and borrow is to take.
要记住,lend是给出,borrow是收到。
If you enjoyed this lesson, please subscribe to the mmmEnglish Channel just down there.
如果你喜欢这节课,要订阅mmmEnglish频道,按钮就在下面。
I make new English lessons every week
我会每周制作新的英语课,
and if you subscribe,
如果你订阅的话,
you'll find out as soon as there's a new one.
只要发布新的课程,你就可以发现啦。
So right now, you can keep practising with some of my other lessons right here.
所以现在,你可以继续练习我的其他课程。
Thanks for watching and I'll see you again next week.
感谢收看,下周见
Bye for now!
再见!重要,

重点单词   查看全部解释    
preposition [.prepə'ziʃən]

想一想再看

n. 介词

联想记忆
reflect [ri'flekt]

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v. 反映,反射,归咎

联想记忆
clause [klɔ:z]

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n. 条款,款项,[语]从句,分句

联想记忆
channel ['tʃænl]

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n. 通道,频道,(消息)渠道,海峡,方法
v

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关键字: Emma borrow lend

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