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探索频道纪录片(MP3+中英字幕) 第11期:认识细菌(11)

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If the medicine doesn't kill all the bacteria the infection returns and more antibiotics are prescribed,

如果药物不能杀死所有的细菌,而又受到感染,然后使用更多的抗生素。

doctors are concerned about the overuse of drugs, but don't see many alternatives.

医生们会担心药物的过度使用,但却没有其他办法。

The most common bacterial cause of ear infections.

耳部感染最常见的细菌。

And that's the one that's showing more signs of not responding.

这是一个表现出更多没有反应的迹象。

It's gonna take a while for the fluid that's behind the drum to resolve or go away right.

鼓膜后面的液体需要一段时间才能溶解或消失。

So with the way his eardrums are looking, I think we ought to put them on a preventative antibiotics.

因此,从他的耳膜情况来看,我认为我们应该给他们注射预防性抗生素。

Okay.

好的。

We'll just do that for at least four to six weeks.

至少要做四到六周。

Antibiotics are also widely prescribed, even when they won't help.

抗生素也被广泛地使用,即使它们并不会起作用。

Each year many needless prescriptions are written for colds which are caused by viruses.

每年都有许多不必要的处方,用来治疗由病毒引起的感冒。

The sheer tonnage of antibiotics that is used in the world every year,

世界上每年使用的抗生素数量之多,

I think contributes to the problem of resistant bacteria in the community,

我认为是社区中耐药菌问题的一个原因。

which then becomes a problem in the hospital, which then becomes a problem and extended to care facilities and they're all inextricably linked.

而耐药菌又成为医院的一个问题,然后又扩大到医疗机构,它们之间有着千丝万缕的联系。

During the 1950s, animals started getting antibiotics too.

在20世纪50年代,也开始给动物使用抗生素。

Improve-Memory-For-Studying.jpg

The drugs not only curb disease, but for reasons still not understood.

这些药物不仅能抑制疾病,而且其原因仍不清楚。

They promoted growth.

它们促进生长。

Today, half of all antibiotics used in the United States are used in animal feed.

今天,美国使用的所有抗生素中有一半用于动物饲料。

This little piggy will be fed penicillin and tetracycline before it goes to market.

这只小猪在上市前要喂青霉素和四环素。

Even if you're a vegetarian, you get a dose.

即使你是素食主义者,也得服用一剂量。

Antibiotics are also sprayed on fruits and vegetables.

也会在水果和蔬菜上喷洒抗生素。

I can't think of a microbiologist that would say that the wide application of antibiotics will do anything but like for antibiotic resistant organisms.

我想不出有哪个微生物学家会说,抗生素的广泛应用会对耐药菌产生任何影响。

And so that's a consequence.

所以这就是结果。

If their economic reasons for doing it, that maybe what the public wants but they also have to pay the consequences,

如果是出于经济原因而这样做,这也许是公众想要的,但他们也要承担后果。

which will be that those antibiotics may not be useful in the treatment of diseases at some time in the fairly near future.

那就是在不久的将来,这些抗生素在治疗疾病上可能没有用处。

The lab has reported back to us on the second sample.

实验室已经向我们报告了第二个样品。

It showed to be very resistant to the antibiotic he was on.

它对服用的抗生素有很强的抗药性。

Not only is it resistant to that antibiotic and actually happens to be resistant to two of the other antibiotics we might use.

它不仅对这种抗生素有耐药性,而且对我们可能使用的其他两种抗生素也有耐药性。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
bacteria [bæk'tiəriə]

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n. (复数)细菌

 
community [kə'mju:niti]

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n. 社区,社会,团体,共同体,公众,[生]群落

联想记忆
needless ['ni:dlis]

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adj. 不需要的,无用的

 
penicillin [.peni'silin]

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n. 青霉素

 
application [.æpli'keiʃən]

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n. 应用; 申请; 专心
n. 应用软件程序

 
resistant [ri'zistənt]

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adj. 抵抗的,反抗的
n. 抵抗者

联想记忆
curb [kə:b]

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n. 抑制,勒马绳,边石,路缘
vt. 抑制,

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drum [drʌm]

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n. 鼓,鼓声,鼓状物
vi. 击鼓,连续敲击

 
concerned [kən'sə:nd]

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adj. 担忧的,关心的

 
sheer [ʃiə]

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adj. 纯粹的,全然的,陡峭的
adv. 完

 

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