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VOA慢速讲解附字幕:谷歌可能退出中国市场

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1.China is third and gaining on Japan.

gain on跑得比…快,逼近,超过;赢得…的好感

例句:Brown gained on the runner ahead.
布朗逼近了前面的跑者。

As he slithered across the mud I gained on him.
当他在泥泞中滑行的时候,我超过了他。

2.Manufacturing has expanded, fueling exports. But China has not imported as much as its trade partners would like.

fueling exports中的fuel在这里是动词,表示促进,加快,为……添油加料的意思。在这里是现在分词作结果状语,表示生产行业的不断发展促进了出口的增长。

现在分词或分词短语做状语时,也可以表示时间、原因、结果、 条件、让步、方式、伴随状况等.其逻辑主语必须和句子的主语一致,有时with\without +名词或代词宾格+分词也可以表示伴随状况如:

While reading the book, he nodded from time to time. (时间)

The teacher stood there surrounded by the students. (方式)

He sent me an e-mail, hoping to get further information.(伴随)

分词作时间状语,如果先与主动词的动作,且强调先后, 要用having done。如:

Having answered the letter, she went on to listen to the radio.

Having been criticized by the teacher, Li Ming gave up smoking.

注意:如果是否定句,not 一般放在句首,如:
Not having received his reply, he decided to write again.

分词做状语时有时可在其前面加上while、when 、if 、even if 、although 、once、 unless等连词,使用何种分词仍然取决于与主语的关系,主动关系用现在分词,被动关系用过去分词.如:

While staying in Beijing , I visited some of my friends.

Unless invited, I will not attend his party.

Although working very hard, he couldn't satisfy his boss.

3.Also, the company said it is no longer willing to censor search results as required by Chinese law.

no longer no more,not any more,not any longer

(1) 用作副词表示时间上的“不再”,可用no longer, not…any longer, not…any more:

He knows that he is no longer young. 他知道自己不再年轻。

She could no longer go to school. 她不再能上学了。

This is no longer a distant dream. 这已不再是遥远的梦。

I can’t wait any longer. 我不能再等了。

I am not concerned with that matter any longer. 我不再和这事有关。

You won’t ever see her any more. 你不会再见到她。

I just can’t stand this life any more. 我简直受不了这种生活。

【注】原来no more 也可表示时间上的“不再”(但要与非延续性动词连用,且位于句末),但在现代英语中,no more 一般不这样用。

(2) 以下各例中的more 和longer 分别为much 和long的比较级,此时两者不可混淆:

There is no more bread. 没有面包了。

The boy doesn’t want any more. 这孩子不想再要了。

This rope is no longer than that one. 这根绳子与那根绳子一样不长。

4.Google has to make a decision whether they want to basically deviate from their vision mission statement that they 'do no harm' and stay in China.

deviate from偏离…,背离…;放弃…

例句:I will never deviate from what I believe to be right.
我绝不背离我自信正确的道路。

5.Or whether they have just had enough and they don't like the restrictions, and they don't like the cyber attacks, and they're going to move out so as to preserve their name and brand.

so as to为的是,以便;以致,表示目的

例句:He and Jane decided to leave so as to avoid any more unpleasantness.
他和简决定离开,以避免更多的不快。



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