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VOA常速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):希腊债务协议只是权宜之计

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A proposal from the Greek government could be the basis of a deal with its creditors to avoid default on a large payment due to the International Monetary Fund next week.

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But some analysts say, even if achieved, the deal would be a short-term fix at best.

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The Greek Prime Minister went to Brussels Monday to present the new proposal to his eurozone counterparts – a series of small concessions on key points that he hopes will be enough to ease the crisis without angering his people too much.

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"I think this is time for a substantial and viable solution that would allow Greece to come back to growth within the eurozone, with social justice and cohesion," he said.

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His position was bolstered by a large protest in Athens Monday night in favor of steps to keep Greece in the eurozone.

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But there is also lots of anger in Greece about what many people see as oppressive austerity imposed by the country’s creditors.

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An increasing number of experts agree the austerity has hurt the country’s ability to repay its debt.

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“We need to do everything right now to make the Greek economy grow again, that’s the only way out."

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Economist Dennis Novy of Britain’s University of Warwick says without growth, he adds, any deal will only a temporary fix.

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“Germany and France, the European Union and the IMF have to stop asking for these fiscal reforms in Greece that actually push the economy down further,” he said.

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Still, even the possibility of an imperfect and short-term accord has calmed financial markets, and it may help foster growth, according to Zsolt Darvas of the Brussels-based Bruegel Institute, who spoke via Skype.

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“If a credible agreement would be able to remove the uncertainty about Greek membership, then I think the Greek economy would start to grow, even if the Greek government would have to do some further, much smaller fiscal adjustment,” he said.

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But any growth in Greece will be slow and willn't be strong enough to solve the debt repayment problem for years, so Dennis Novy is unimpressed by this week’s highly-touted breakthrough.

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“They have a common interest in avoiding the short-term problem, but for a long-term solution, I don’t think we’re any closer to a deal,” he said.

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Novy says Greece and its creditors will likely reach another crisis point in a couple of months.

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This time, he says, it’s the creditors who should offer real, long-term debt relief to keep the country in the eurozone and perhaps put the longstanding crisis behind them.

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重点单词   查看全部解释    
solution [sə'lu:ʃən]

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n. 解答,解决办法,溶解,溶液

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unimpressed [,ʌnim'prest]

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adj. 无印记的(没有印象的);未受感动的

 
spoke [spəuk]

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v. 说,说话,演说

 
oppressive [ə'presiv]

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adj. 压迫的,沉重的,压抑的

 
adjustment [ə'dʒʌstmənt]

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n. 调整

 
fiscal ['fiskəl]

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adj. 财政的,国库的

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credible ['kredəbl]

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adj. 可信的,可靠的

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default [di'fɔ:lt]

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n. 假设值,默认(值), 不履行责任,缺席 v. 默认

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bolster ['bəulstə]

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n. 长枕,靠垫 vt. 支持,鼓励

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jury ['dʒuəri]

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n. 陪审团,评委会
adj. 临时用的

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