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VOA常速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):气候变化对健康的影响

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WASHINGTON— The impact of climate change is so great that it could undermine the last 50 years of gains in global health, according to the Lancet Commission report.

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Weather extremes made worse by climate change are potentially catastrophic and unacceptable, says Commission's project leader Nicolas Watts, who spoke to VOA via Skype.

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“In terms of drought, we often see corresponding decreases in agricultural productivity, which then in turn has a profound impact on malnutrition, particularly for children, and floods we often see a rise in the rates of infectious diseases, cholera and diarrheal diseases that happen as a result of a breakdown in sanitation.”

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Increasingly, it’s just hotter, which can be deadly. An extreme heatwave in 2003 left 70,000 people dead across Europe. "And those sorts of events are expected to increase in intensity and severity as time goes on."

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Reducing emissions improves health

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The World Health Organization warns that unless dramatic action is taken to reduce global warming emissions by 2030, approximately 250,000 people will die each year from the effects of climate change.

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Outdoor air pollution is linked to some three million deaths worldwide, 1.2 million in China alone. Watts says a shift from coal-fired power plants to renewable energy can greatly reduce that danger.

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“We see immediate declines in hospital admissions and in health care costs, which reduces the burden of already struggling health budgets. But there are also benefits to be found outside of the energy sector, you can decrease the amount the reliance on cars and motor vehicles, and try to encourage active transport like cycling and walking, you reduce the carbon emission from that sector, but you also decrease the rates of diabetes and obesity.” he said.

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Politics aside, global climate treaty is about public health

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Among its recommendations, the Commission supports a phase-out of coal power plants, expansion of renewable energy, investment in health systems and a commitment to a strong global climate treaty. Watts says public health is at he core of a new global aggrement.

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"Most of what you want to do to respond to climate change is good for public health, and it is actually a much brighter future.”

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Watts says health care professionals can be advocates in the battle against climate change, he says what is good for the planet is good for patient care.

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重点单词   查看全部解释    
intensity [in'tensiti]

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n. 强烈,强度

 
appreciate [ə'pri:ʃieit]

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vt. 欣赏,感激,赏识
vt. 领会,充分意

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commission [kə'miʃən]

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n. 委员会,委托,委任,佣金,犯罪
vt.

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shift [ʃift]

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n. 交换,变化,移动,接班者
v. 更替,移

 
contained [kən'teind]

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adj. 泰然自若的,从容的;被控制的 v. 包含;遏制

 
core [kɔ:]

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n. 果心,核心,要点
vt. 挖去果核

 
treaty ['tri:ti]

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n. 条约,协定

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undermine [.ʌndə'main]

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vt. 暗中损害,逐渐削弱,在(某物)下挖洞或挖通道,从

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obesity [əu'bi:siti]

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n. 肥胖,肥大

 
unacceptable ['ʌnək'septəbl]

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adj. 不能接受的,不受欢迎的

 

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