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VOA常速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):亚欧大陆的民主现状退步

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WASHINGTON— Democracy is under attack in Europe and Eurasia. Freedom House says 12 of the 29 countries it assessed in its new report received downgrades in their level of democracy - especially in parts of Europe and Eurasia. And the group lays much of the blame on Russia.

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Sylvana Habdank-Kolaczkowska is project director of the report titled "Nations in Transit", “The big story for the 2015 edition is not surprisingly Russia’s escalation of and new forms of aggression internationally and domestically,”

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The report uses various factors like the electoral process and independent media in making its determinations. It says Russia’s ongoing conflict with Ukraine threatens both.

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“Russia is a driver of the decline in Eurasia, particularly in areas of civil society, and that has really accelerated in the last few years,” says Habdank-Kolaczkowska.

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But that measure of civil society – the people’s ability to gather under a common banner – is something that helps bolster Ukraine’s standing in the report, even if only to the level that existed before the regime of ousted president Viktor Yanukovych.

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“Civil society was always and remains extremely vibrant in Ukraine. The fact that that was the one rating that didn’t really decline under Yanukovych is something that other authoritarian leaders have noticed, because they realize you can do everything else right but if you don’t crack down, people will still agitate for what they deserve,” says Habdank-Kolaczkowska.

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Which, she says, points back to Russia’s involvement in not only the decline of other nations’ rankings but in its own as well.

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“It needs a change in the character of the leadership. It needs a regime that is no longer aggressively against all forms of democratization,” says Habdank-Kolaczkowska.

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重点单词   查看全部解释    
vibrant ['vaibrənt]

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adj. 震颤的,响亮的,充满活力的,精力充沛的,(色彩

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independent [indi'pendənt]

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adj. 独立的,自主的,有主见的
n. 独立

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involvement [in'vɔlvmənt]

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n. 包含,缠绕,混乱,复杂的情况

 
authoritarian [ə.θɔ:ri'tɛriən]

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adj. 权力主义的,独裁主义的
n. 独裁主

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bolster ['bəulstə]

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n. 长枕,靠垫 vt. 支持,鼓励

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coup [ku:]

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n. 政变,砰然的一击,妙计,出乎意料的行动

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crack [kræk]

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v. 崩溃,失去控制,压碎,使裂开,破解,开玩笑

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deserve [di'zə:v]

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vi. 应该得到
vt. 应受,值得

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restore [ri'stɔ:]

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vt. 恢复,修复,使复原

 
measure ['meʒə]

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n. 措施,办法,量度,尺寸
v. 测量,量

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