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VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国总统大选 爱荷华州成为焦点

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Iowa Starts 'Caucus' Voting for US President

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People in Iowa will vote for presidential candidates in the Republican and Democratic parties Monday night.

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Public opinion studies show strong support for two candidates in each party.

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Businessman Donald Trump leads Senator Ted Cruz in the Republican race. Hillary Clinton leads Senator Bernie Sanders in the Democratic race.

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But both races are close.

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Although Sanders is running as a Democrat, he is an independent. He calls himself a democratic socialist.

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This voting in states like Iowa is called a caucus. A caucus lets voters of each political party – Democrat and Republican – say who they favor or prefer at this time.

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Candidates who win the support of voters in Iowa do not always win the presidency. In 1980, Ronald Reagan lost the Iowa vote but became the Republican party nominee. He won the presidency.

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There are 12 Republican candidates and three Democratic candidates.

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On Sunday, many of the candidates held events throughout Iowa. They spoke to their supporters and strongly criticized their opponents.

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Trump and Cruz are both trying to gain the support of the many Iowans who have strong Christian religious beliefs.

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Also on Sunday, Sanders and Clinton reached an agreement with Democratic party officials to have more debates. Many people in the party had asked for them.

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The next primary election will take place February 9 in the northeastern state of New Hampshire. Public opinion studies show Sanders has much more support in the state than Clinton. Sanders is from the state of Vermont, which borders New Hampshire.

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I'm Mario Ritter.

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重点单词   查看全部解释    
ethics ['eθiks]

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n. 道德规范

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qualified ['kwɔlifaid]

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adj. 有资格的,有限制的

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independent [indi'pendənt]

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adj. 独立的,自主的,有主见的
n. 独立

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democratic [.demə'krætik]

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adj. 民主的,大众的,平等的

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candidate ['kændidit]

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n. 候选人,求职者

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voting ['vəutiŋ]

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n. 投票 动词vote的现在分词形式

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election [i'lekʃən]

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n. 选举

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primary ['praiməri]

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adj. 主要的,初期的,根本的,初等教育的

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senator ['senətə]

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n. 参议员

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contract ['kɔntrækt,kən'trækt]

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n. 合同,契约,婚约,合约
v. 订合同,缩

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关键字: VOA慢速 美国 选举

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