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新奇事件簿(翻译+字幕+讲解):北极冰层加快融化

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The Arctic ice is melting at a dangerous speed and may completely disappear by the end of this century. This is according to scientists at America’s National Snow and Ice Data Centre (NSIDC). Experts said recent satellite images showed the volume of sea ice was the lowest it has ever been. An area five times larger than the UK has disappeared since 1978 and the melting is getting faster. This year was the warmest Arctic summer in 400 years. Dr. Mark Serreze from the NSIDC said the worrying trend of melting ice caps is because of global warming.

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The NSIDC’s leader Dr. Ted Scambos said the Arctic Circle is melting so quickly that it may never recover. He said the Arctic is caught in a dangerous process that man cannot reverse. Less sea ice means the Earth cannot reflect the suns rays and cool itself. Warmer seas then melt more ice. The loss of sea ice in one year increases the loss in the next year. Current ice loss is estimated at eight percent per decade. This means there may be no ice at all during the Arctic summer of 2060. Dr. Scambos warned: “It is pretty certain a long-term decline is underway.”

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reflect [ri'flekt]

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v. 反映,反射,归咎

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circle ['sə:kl]

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n. 圈子,圆周,循环
v. 环绕,盘旋,包围

 
reverse [ri'və:s]

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n. 相反,背面,失败,倒档
adj. 反面的

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current ['kʌrənt]

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n. (水、气、电)流,趋势
adj. 流通的

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global ['gləubəl]

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adj. 全球性的,全世界的,球状的,全局的

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n. 帆布,(帆布)画布,油画

 
decade ['dekeid]

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n. 十年

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melt [melt]

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vi. 融化,熔化,消散
vt. 使融化,使熔

 
certain ['sə:tn]

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adj. 确定的,必然的,特定的
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vt. 追捕,狩猎

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