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VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):2016各领域年度词汇出炉

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Language Experts Choose ‘Dumpster Fire’ and ‘Aleppo’ as 2016 Words of the Year
This is What's Trending Today.
What do the words "dumpster fire," "Aleppo," "Drumpf," "post-truth" and "locker-room banter" have in common?
All five words have appeared in news stories over the past year because of incidents related to the American election campaign.
Language experts nominated the five phrases as best representing what Americans were talking about in 2016.
Every year since 1990, the American Dialect Society has voted on its words of the year in several groupings. The society's top word last year was the pronoun "they," when used as a neutral singular pronoun.
This year, it is not surprising that most of the words under consideration were related to the election campaign in the United States.
Among the nominees for political word of the year were "deplorables" (as in "basket of deplorables"), "nasty woman," "Pantsuit Nation," "post-truth," "woke" and "unpresidented."
The winner was "post-truth." Oxford Dictionaries called it the most frequently used term internationally in 2016.
U.S. President-elect Donald Trump mistakenly spelled the word "unprecedented" as "unpresidented" in a tweet.
The spelling was later corrected, but not before it resulted in many re-tweets that played on possible meanings of the word.
The term "dumpster fire" was the winner of the overall Word of the Year. "Dumpster fire" means an exceedingly disastrous situation.
The expression "dumpster fire" was used in the political campaign, but can also describe unrelated events, like singer Mariah Carey's audio problems on New Year's Eve.
Another group's members voted on the most important names of 2016. The American Name Society chose from choices that included Drumpf, which won as Personal Name of the Year.
John Oliver, of the television show "Last Week Tonight," urged his viewers to use the German form of Trump's last name. The American Name Society said that "the continued use of "Drumpf" shows the power of naming and name-calling."
Another American politician found that he should have known the name of a city in Syria. Over four years, the Syrian civil war spread into the city of Aleppo. But Libertarian Party presidential candidate Gary Johnson did not remember its name when asked for his opinion on how to help those living in the city.
Johnson answered, "What is Aleppo?" The American Name Association chose "Aleppo" as Place Name of the Year and overall Name of the Year.
Finally, "Brexit" was chosen as the Trade Name of the Year. The word "Brexit" is a combination of Britain and the word exit, meaning to leave. It describes the vote by British citizens to leave the European Union.
And that's What's Trending Today.
I'm Dan Friedell.

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重点单词   查看全部解释    
singular ['siŋgjulə]

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adj. 个人的,单数的,独一的,唯一的,非凡的

 
association [ə.səusi'eiʃən]

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n. 联合,结合,交往,协会,社团,联想

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campaign [kæm'pein]

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n. 运动,活动,战役,竞选运动
v. 从事运

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turmoil ['tə:mɔil]

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n. 骚动,混乱

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dialect ['daiəlekt]

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n. 方言

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prime [praim]

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adj. 最初的,首要的,最好的,典型的
n.

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corporate ['kɔ:pərit]

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adj. 社团的,法人的,共同的,全体的

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politician [.pɔli'tiʃən]

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n. 政治家,政客

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unprecedented [ʌn'presidəntid]

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adj. 空前的,前所未有的

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disastrous [di'zɑ:strəs]

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adj. 灾难性的

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