手机APP下载

您现在的位置: 首页 > 在线广播 > VOA慢速英语 > VOA慢速-时事新闻 > 正文

VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):恐惧疫苗导致美国爆发麻疹疫情

来源:可可英语 编辑:clover   VIP免费外教试听课 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet
 下载MP3到电脑  批量下载MP3和LRC到手机
加载中..
h6nZ92e7A,IsZ*1

(Z1lt5&6VaCxU;_

Fear of Vaccines Blamed for US Measles Outbreak
A measles outbreak has hit the midwestern state of Minnesota, with 50 cases reported in recent weeks.
Health officials say at least 45 cases were among children in the Somali-American community in the city of Minneapolis. Nearly all of those affected were not vaccinated against measles.
Measles is a serious disease that can cause breathing problems, brain swelling, or even death. It spreads very easily among unvaccinated people.
U.S. health officials recommend that all children receive a combined vaccine to protect against measles, mumps and rubella. This combination vaccine is called MMR. But many parents in the Somali community oppose vaccinations because they believe they can cause a child to develop autism.
A 2014 study by the American Board of Family Medicine found that 35 percent of Somali parents surveyed in Minneapolis believed the MMR vaccine causes autism. Just 8 percent of non-Somalis held the same belief.
Autism, also known as Autism Spectrum Disorder, or ASD, is a developmental disability. It affects a person's ability to communicate and do things with other people.
The University of Minnesota reported in a 2010 study that about one in 32 Somali children aged 7-9 in Minneapolis developed ASD. Another highly publicized study from a British researcher in 1998 linked autism to the MMR vaccination.
The 1998 study was later discredited and withdrawn by the British journal The Lancet, which reported it. Other research in recent years has failed to support the 2010 study's findings.
One major study involving 95,000 American children was released in 2015. It found no harmful link between the MMR vaccine and ASD, even in children already at higher risk for ASD.
Other American communities with low vaccination rates have also experienced measles outbreaks in recent years.
Dr. Mohamed Hagi Aden is with Regions Hospital in St. Paul, Minnesota. He told VOA's Somali Service all parents should inform themselves about the latest research suggesting no link between the MMR vaccine and autism.
The Minnesota Department of Health is taking steps to win back trust in vaccines. Two Somalis are now working with the department on outreach efforts. One visits mothers' groups, day care centers and schools to talk about vaccines. The other informs parents about autism and provides information about resources for special-needs children.
Minnesota health officials have requested $5 million in state money to deal with the measles emergency, as well as other recent outbreaks of tuberculosis and syphilis.
I'm Bryan Lynn.

Ji;*CKI;ZkQ4YOOI-

X|8M^5Ia|6r;VlhomceuZ+ghB&gS|vA;XSv*E8cXshMo^IBa

重点单词   查看全部解释    
lancet ['lɑ:nsit]

想一想再看

n. [医]柳叶刀,[建]尖顶窗

联想记忆
experienced [iks'piəriənst]

想一想再看

adj. 有经验的

 
combination [.kɔmbi'neiʃən]

想一想再看

n. 结合,联合,联合体

联想记忆
stream [stri:m]

想一想再看

n. (人,车,气)流,水流,组
v. 流动,

 
discredited

想一想再看

adj. 不足信的;不名誉的 v. 败坏(或破坏)…的名

 
tackle ['tækl]

想一想再看

v. 处理,对付,阻截
n. 用具,滑车,对付

联想记忆
withdrawn [wið'drɔ:n]

想一想再看

adj. 偏僻的,离群的,孤独的,内向的 动词withd

联想记忆
measles ['mi:zlz]

想一想再看

n. 麻疹

 
confine ['kɔnfain]

想一想再看

vt. 限制,禁闭
n. 边界,约束,范围,限

联想记忆
prevent [pri'vent]

想一想再看

v. 预防,防止

联想记忆
发布评论我来说2句

    英语学习推荐

    • 英语听写训练
      听写强化训练系统有听写比对,按句停顿,中文翻译、听写错词提示等特色功能.
    • 可可英语微信:ikekenet
      关注可可英语官方微信,每天将会向大家推送短小精悍的英语学习资料..

    科学美国人60秒

    可可英语官方微信(微信号:ikekenet)

    每天向大家推送短小精悍的英语学习资料.

    添加方式1.扫描上方可可官方微信二维码。
    添加方式2.搜索微信号ikekenet添加即可。