手机APP下载

您现在的位置: 首页 > 在线广播 > PBS高端访谈 > PBS访谈社会系列 > 正文

PBS高端访谈:特朗普支持的改革会改变美国的移民格局吗?

来源:pbs 编辑:max   VIP免费外教试听课 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet
 下载MP3到电脑  批量下载MP3和LRC到手机
加载中..

JUDY WOODRUFF: It is a call to overhaul immigration. President Trump endorsed today new legislation from Republican Senators David Perdue of Georgia and Tom Cotton of Arkansas that would cut in half the number of people allowed in the nation legally, marking a profound shift in policies that have been in place for half-a-century.

PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP: For decades, the United States was operated and has operated a very low-skilled immigration system, issuing record numbers of green cards to low-wage immigrants. And it has not been fair to our people, to our citizens, to our workers.

JUDY WOODRUFF: The president's senior adviser, Stephen Miller, fiercely defended the policy change at a White House briefing today.

STEPHEN MILLER, Senior White House Adviser: This is a reality that is happening in our country. Maybe it's time we had compassion, Glenn, for American workers. President Trump has met with American workers who have been replaced by foreign workers.

Ask them, ask them how this has affected their lives.

JUDY WOODRUFF: With us now to explain the proposed legislation is Alan Gomez, reporter for USA Today who covers immigration. He joins me now from Miami.

Alan, welcome back to the program.

So, how does this proposal differ from current law?

特朗普支持的改革会改变美国的移民格局吗?

ALAN GOMEZ, USA Today: Basically, what this proposal would do is completely upend the way that the U.S. accepts immigrants.

Right now, about 63 percent of green cards that are given to foreigners are given based on their family ties. In other words, they have somebody here in the U.S. that sponsors them, and they're able to get that green card.

What they want to do, what President Trump and Senators Cotton and Perdue are proposing is switching to a system more like Canada, where it's more based on their economic contributions and how they can contribute to the economy of the country. In Canada, it's the complete opposite. About 63 percent of the visas — green cards that are given there are based on those economic ties.

So they want to implement a points-based system, where we rank would-be immigrants based on their education, their technical experience, their job experience, and make our immigration system more focused on what they can do for this country, rather than just having family ties.

JUDY WOODRUFF: And, practically, what would the changes be?

ALAN GOMEZ: Right.

It would be incredibly — it's hard to overestimate just what a drastic change this would be. So, right now, if you're a U.S. citizen, you can sponsor your children, your spouse, your parents, your brothers, your sisters.

What this program, what this proposal would do would limit is, it would limit it to only your spouse and only your minor children. So that would drastically reduce your opportunities to bring your relatives into the United States. And, again, on the economics — so all those folks could still be eligible to come in, but they would have to pass that test.

They would have to go through that screening process that examines their ability to contribute immediately to the U.S. economy and favors people with higher educations, with Ph.D.s, with Master's degrees and those kinds.

JUDY WOODRUFF: And very quickly, in just a word, what are the prospects of this becoming law?

ALAN GOMEZ: Not very good.

Senator Cotton introduced this bill back in February. It hasn't even gotten a committee hearing. And we heard opposition today from immigrants, from Democrats, and even some Republicans who thought it went too far.

JUDY WOODRUFF: Alan Gomez with USA Today, we thank you.

ALAN GOMEZ: Thank you.

重点单词   查看全部解释    
compassion [kəm'pæʃən]

想一想再看

n. 同情,怜悯

联想记忆
senior ['si:njə]

想一想再看

adj. 年长的,高级的,资深的,地位较高的

联想记忆
miller ['milə]

想一想再看

n. 磨坊主,铣床(工)

 
sponsor ['spɔnsə]

想一想再看

n. 保证人,赞助者,发起者,主办者
vt.

 
overhaul [.əuvə'hɔ:l]

想一想再看

vt. 仔细检查,翻修,赶上 n. 彻底检查,全面检修

联想记忆
prospects

想一想再看

n. 预期;前景;潜在顾客;远景展望

 
overestimate [.əuvə'esti.meit]

想一想再看

vt. 过高评价,过高出价
n. 估计过高,评

 
shift [ʃift]

想一想再看

n. 交换,变化,移动,接班者
v. 更替,移

 
minor ['mainə]

想一想再看

adj. 较小的,较少的,次要的
n. 未成年

联想记忆
legislation [.ledʒis'leiʃən]

想一想再看

n. 立法,法律

联想记忆

发布评论我来说2句

    英语学习推荐

    • 英语听写训练
      听写强化训练系统有听写比对,按句停顿,中文翻译、听写错词提示等特色功能.
    • 可可英语微信:ikekenet
      关注可可英语官方微信,每天将会向大家推送短小精悍的英语学习资料..

    科学美国人60秒

    可可英语官方微信(微信号:ikekenet)

    每天向大家推送短小精悍的英语学习资料.

    添加方式1.扫描上方可可官方微信二维码。
    添加方式2.搜索微信号ikekenet添加即可。