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新奇事件簿(翻译+字幕+讲解):科学家因分子机器获诺贝尔化学奖

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The 2017 Nobel Prize in chemistry has gone to three scientists for their work on photographing molecules. Professors Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank and Richard Henderson will share the $1,090,000 prize. They developed a special way of taking photos of molecules. Molecules are the very smallest building blocks that make up the cells in our body. Everything and everyone is made of molecules. The three chemists developed a technique called cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM). This allows scientists to zoom in to amazing new levels. Scientists can now see things in our bodies that we have never seen before. They can see how the building blocks of life move.

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The Nobel Prize committee said the new cryo-EM technique will change science forever. It said the technique has "moved biochemistry into a new era". The Nobel chairperson said: "Soon, there will be no more secrets. Now we can see the intricate details of the biomolecules in every corner of our cells and every drop of our body fluids. We can understand how they are built and how they act and how they work together in large communities. We are facing a revolution in biochemistry." Professor Frank said the practical uses for the technique were "immense". Cryo-EM will mean scientists can look at the building blocks of viruses. This means we will find cures for many diseases.

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重点单词   查看全部解释    
technique [tek'ni:k]

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n. 技术,技巧,技能

 
frank [fræŋk]

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adj. 坦白的,直率的,真诚的
vt. 免费

 
revolution [.revə'lu:ʃən]

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n. 革命,旋转,转数

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ingenious [in'dʒi:njəs]

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adj. 机灵的,精制的,有独创性的

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contribution [.kɔntri'bju:ʃən]

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n. 贡献,捐款(赠)

 
costly ['kɔstli]

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adj. 昂贵的,代价高的

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immense [i'mens]

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adj. 巨大的,广大的,非常好的

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intricate ['intrikit]

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adj. 复杂的,难懂的

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prevention [pri'venʃən]

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n. 阻止,妨碍,预防

 
sensible ['sensəbl]

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adj. 可察觉的,意识到的,实用的
n. 可

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