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新奇事件簿(翻译+字幕+讲解):几岁是学习一门新语言最佳年龄

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New research from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) suggests that if people want to achieve native-like proficiency in a new language, they should start learning that language before the age of ten. The researchers added that children up to the age of 17 or 18 remain adept at learning grammar. There is bad news for those who want to pick up a new language beyond their late teens. The researchers say this is past the "critical period" when language-learning ability starts to decline. Researcher Joshua Hartshorne said: "As far as a child is concerned, it's quite easy to become bilingual....That's when you're best at learning languages. It's not really something that you can make up later."

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几岁是学习一门新语言最佳年龄
The research was based on an analysis of results from a 10-minute online grammar quiz. Over 670,000 language learners of all ages participated in the test. Researchers measured the grammatical ability of people who started learning a language at different points in their life. Professor Hartshorne focused on grammar rules that were most likely to confuse a non-native speaker as a gauge of that person's proficiency. MIT researcher Josh Tenenbaum suggested people simply might be too busy to learn a language later in life. He said: "After 17 or 18, you leave home, you work full time, or you become a specialized university student. All of these might impact your learning rate for any language."

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analysis [ə'næləsis]

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n. 分析,解析

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critical ['kritikəl]

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adj. 批评的,决定性的,危险的,挑剔的
a

 
specialized ['speʃəlaizd]

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专门的 专科的

 
measured ['meʒəd]

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adj. 量过的,慎重的,基于标准的,有韵律的 动词me

 
bilingual [bai'liŋgwəl]

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adj. 双语的,用两种语言表达或书写的

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gauge [geidʒ]

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n. 测量标准,轨距,口径,直径,测量仪器
v

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concerned [kən'sə:nd]

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adj. 担忧的,关心的

 
institute ['institju:t]

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n. 学会,学院,协会
vt. 创立,开始,制

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confuse [kən'fju:z]

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vt. 混淆,使困惑,使混乱

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impact ['impækt,im'pækt]

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n. 冲击(力), 冲突,影响(力)
vt.

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