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VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):垄断互联网!美国废除"网络中立"

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US Ends ‘Net Neutrality’ Rules for Internet Service

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Internet users in the United States likely did not notice anything different this week when they were looking at websites.

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But some rules governing the internet changed a lot.

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Businesses that provide internet service are now permitted to block, slow down, or speed up access to some web sites. They may also require companies, such as YouTube or Amazon, to pay to show users their videos, stories, or pictures faster.

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The change marks the end of rules known as "net neutrality." Former U.S. President Barack Obama put the rules in place in 2015.

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In the term net neutrality, "net" is a short way of saying "internet." Under its rules, government regulations required internet service providers to treat websites and applications in the same way.

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But earlier this year, government officials, supported by President Donald Trump, voted to end those rules. Their decision took effect on Monday.

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Supporters of net neutrality argue that its regulations ensured everyone had equal ability to get information. The rules were largely popular with users – opinion studies showed that the American public approved of net neutrality by a big majority. Major internet companies such as Facebook and Alphabet, the company that owns Google, also support net neutrality.

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But opponents said the rules limited businesses' reasons to invest in and improve internet service.

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Major communications companies, including AT&T and Comcast, urged government officials to repeal net neutrality rules.

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The chairman of the Federal Communications Commission – the federal agency in charge of America's communications law and regulations – agreed with them. Ajit Pai said last week that the repeal will ensure "better, faster, and cheaper Internet access and more broadband to the American people."

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A group representing major cable service companies and TV networks praised the new policy. They said that users in the U.S. will not see a change in their internet service—except that it "will keep getting better."

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However, activist groups and some public officials have promised to continue to fight for a return to the previous internet rules.

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I'm Kelly Jean Kelly.

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重点单词   查看全部解释    
block [blɔk]

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n. 街区,木块,石块
n. 阻塞(物), 障

 
security [si'kju:riti]

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n. 安全,防护措施,保证,抵押,债券,证券

 
majority [mə'dʒɔriti]

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n. 多数,大多数,多数党,多数派
n.

 
popular ['pɔpjulə]

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adj. 流行的,大众的,通俗的,受欢迎的

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neutrality [nju:'træliti]

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n. 中立

 
elaborate [i'læbəreit]

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adj. 精细的,详尽的,精心的
v. 详细地

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slippery ['slipəri]

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adj. 滑的,狡猾的,不可靠的

 
alphabet ['ælfəbit]

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n. 字母表,基本原理(元素),符号系统

 
previous ['pri:vjəs]

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adj. 在 ... 之前,先,前,以前的

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productivity [.prɔdʌk'tiviti]

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n. 生产率,生产能力

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