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VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):健康专家:饮食谣言会导致营养不良

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Health Experts: Food Claims Fuel Malnutrition among Indonesians

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Some Indonesians believe that a woman who eats chicken wings will have a hard time finding a husband. Others claim that by eating the fruit of the pineapple tree, a woman reduces her chances of having a child.

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It is because of claims like these that nutrition experts have launched a health campaign in Indonesia. It is aimed at girls and young women who suffer from poor nutrition because of their fear of some foods.

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Experts said these food taboos were part of a wider system of cultural and social beliefs that lead to poor nutrition among many adolescents. They warned those traditions could affect girls' education and chances for advancement.

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Nutritionists have found that Indonesian girls eat very little protein, vegetables or fruit. Instead, many turn to rice and processed foods.

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"Indonesian girls are being left behind when it comes to nutrition," said Kecia Bertermann. She works for Girl Effect, a non-profit group that uses wireless technology to help girls.

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"They don't understand why their health is important, or how nutrition is connected to doing well at school, at work or for their futures."

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The United Nations children's agency UNICEF says Indonesia has some of the world's worst nutrition numbers in the world.

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UNICEF officials say two in five adolescent girls nationwide are thin because of undernutrition. They say this is a problem because many girls begin having children before they are 20.

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Research by Girl Effect found that girls in populated areas ate little or nothing early in the day and, later on, ate processed food.

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Many believed that feeling full was the same as having a healthy diet. They ate food with heavy carbohydrates, leaving them in need of protein, vitamins and minerals.

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Girl Effect is teaming up with a group called Nutrition International to improve girls' diets. Using a mobile app software program, they provide a place where girls can read about health and social issues.

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If successful, the campaign could be expanded to other countries, including the Philippines and Nigeria.

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Experts said Indonesia was a country with two kinds of malnutrition: some people are extremely small and thin, while others are fat. They say the larger Indonesians may look healthier, but lack important nutrients in their diet.

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Marion Roche is a specialist on adolescent health at Nutrition International. She said the poor nutritional knowledge among girls was unusual because nutrition among babies had improved in Indonesia.

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"We need to give them the knowledge to make healthy choices," Roche said, adding that many girls believe that healthy means ‘not sick.'

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I'm Dorothy Gundy.

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重点单词   查看全部解释    
populated

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adj. 粒子数增加的 v. 居住于…中;构成…的人口(

 
campaign [kæm'pein]

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n. 运动,活动,战役,竞选运动
v. 从事运

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loan [ləun]

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n. 贷款,借出,债权人
v. 借,供应货款,

 
calcium ['kælsiəm]

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n. 钙

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affect [ə'fekt]

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vt. 影响,作用,感动

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damp [dæmp]

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adj. 潮湿的,有湿气的,沮丧的
n. 潮湿

 
social ['səuʃəl]

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adj. 社会的,社交的
n. 社交聚会

 
nutrition [nju:'triʃən]

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n. 营养

 
adolescent [.ædə'lesnt]

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adj. 青春期的,青少年的
n. 青少年

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poverty ['pɔvəti]

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n. 贫困,贫乏

 

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