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VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):如果在美国被捕会怎么样?

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What Happens If You Are Arrested in the US

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If you have ever watched an American crime show, you know about this Supreme Court case. Listen to what the police officer says.

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"You do have the right to remain silent. You also have the right to be represented by an attorney..."

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Those rights – the rights not to speak and to have a lawyer – are known as Miranda rights.

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The name comes from Ernesto Miranda. In 1963, he was arrested and charged with kidnapping, robbing, and raping a young woman. Police arrested Miranda and questioned him. Miranda admitted to some of the crimes, and a jury later used his confession to find him guilty.

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But some activists said Miranda's trial was not fair. The reason, they said, was because police had not clearly told Miranda about his rights. The U.S. Constitution says people do not have to admit to wrongdoing.

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A majority of justices agreed. Their decision changed police policies, and strengthened protections for people who have been arrested.

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By the way, Ernesto Miranda? He was given another trial. This time, lawyers could not use his confession against him. But they did use sworn statements by his ex-girlfriend. He was again found guilty and sentenced to prison.

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重点单词   查看全部解释    
trial ['traiəl]

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adj. 尝试性的; 审讯的
n. 尝试,努力

 
stitch [stitʃ]

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n. 一针,疼痛,碎布条
v. 缝合

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attorney [ə'tə:ni]

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n. (辩护)律师

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jury ['dʒuəri]

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n. 陪审团,评委会
adj. 临时用的

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funds

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n. 基金;资金,现金(fund的复数) v. 提供资金

 
majority [mə'dʒɔriti]

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n. 多数,大多数,多数党,多数派
n.

 
wrongdoing ['rɔŋ'du:ŋ, 'rɔ:ŋ-]

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n. 不道德的行为;坏事

 
guilty ['gilti]

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adj. 有罪的,内疚的

 
embezzlement [im'bezlmənt]

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n. 盗用,挪用,侵占

 
supreme [sju:'pri:m]

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adj. 最高的,至上的,极度的

 

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