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新奇事件簿(翻译+字幕+讲解):研究人员发现世界上最古老的面包

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Researchers have found the world's oldest example of bread. A research team from the universities of Cambridge, Copenhagen and London found ancient breadcrumbs while on an archaeological dig in Jordan. The breadcrumbs were charred and burnt, which is how they survived for so long. The researchers dated the crumbs and found they were roughly 14,400 years old. This means that people in the Stone Age were baking bread. The researchers said humans were making bread 4,000 years earlier than scientists thought. The people who baked the bread lived in Jordan from around 12,500 to 9,500 B.C. They were hunter gather and lived thousands of years before humans settled down to become farmers.

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研究人员发现世界上最古老的面包.jpg
The researchers discovered 24 burnt breadcrumbs. They analyzed them and found they were made from cereal plants such as barley, wheat and oats. Lead researcher, Dr Amaia Otaegui, said the bread took a long time to make. The ancient Jordanians began by grinding cereals into a fine flour. They then mixed the flour with water to make dough. After that, they baked it in the hot ashes of a fireplace or on a hot stone. The bread looked like the flat pitta bread still made across the Middle East today. Another researcher said the bread could be one reason for the agricultural revolution starting. Stone Age people realized it was easier and more convenient to farm the wheat for bread instead of gathering it from the wild.

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重点单词   查看全部解释    
gather ['gæðə]

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v. 聚集,聚拢,集合
n. 集合,聚集

 
archaeological [.a:kiə'lɔdʒikəl]

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adj. 考古学的,考古学上的

 
settled ['setld]

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adj. 固定的;稳定的 v. 解决;定居(settle

 
revolution [.revə'lu:ʃən]

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n. 革命,旋转,转数

联想记忆
convenient [kən'vi:njənt]

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adj. 方便的,便利的

 
settle ['setl]

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v. 安顿,解决,定居
n. 有背的长凳

 
hunter ['hʌntə]

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n. 猎人,猎犬,猎马,搜寻者 Hunter: 亨特(姓

 
wheat [wi:t]

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n. 小麦,小麦色

 
cereal ['siəriəl]

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n. 谷类食物,麦片
adj. 谷类的,谷物的

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关键字: 约旦 面包 石器时代

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