手机APP下载

您现在的位置: 首页 > 在线广播 > PBS高端访谈 > PBS访谈社会系列 > 正文

PBS高端访谈:增加美墨边境巡防力度

来源:可可英语 编辑:Wendy   VIP免费外教试听课 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet
 下载MP3到电脑  批量下载MP3和LRC到手机
加载中..
I%EYzJJ#*y|

ABpH_7*D*jiA))]KuX

Hari Sreenivasan: While the president continues to demand walls, border closings and action from Mexico and Central American countries to manage immigration on the U.S.-Mexico border, there has been little mention recently about his 2017 executive order to hire 5,000 new Border Patrol agents. Joining us now from Miami is USA Today reporter Alan Gomez who is reporting on Customs and Border Patrol hiring and staffing issues at the border. So two years ago 5000 was the goal where are we at now?

5imE;^,nN~e;#yH

Alan Gomez: 118 is all that they've added over the last couple of years. We went through a whole series of of inspector general reports and realized just that the agency is at crisis levels right now. For six straight years, they lost agents every single year. They peaked that over 21,000 agents back six years ago, they're now under 20,000 agents and they're going about, they're trying to do everything they can to try to recruit and retain more agents. But they're having trouble fielding them so that makes you know, that makes it more difficult to patrol that southern border and they're even having problems just managing what their agents are doing to figure out how to best deploy them to try to stop what is becoming some record breaking numbers of people trying to cross.

H&JAv-+y3Wd(tsFB

Hari Sreenivasan: So let's talk a little about the challenges. I mean, the challenges with recruiting might be because of how hard the job is. What are some of the challenges that the Border Patrol agents are facing that are causing more of them to leave and fewer of them, fewer potential people to join?

UtG^tnL1!,oVo+(_

34.jpg

ALf#%j7m_Ot3t!FgHV&K

Alan Gomez: It's a very, very difficult job. You're forced to patrol these incredibly vast desolate stretches of that southern border. I mean, when we think of the border, we picture places like San Diego, some of these bigger border crossings. But for the most part it's these vast desolate stretches in between. And so trying to recruit somebody to go work in these communities, all the time your schedule is constantly shifting, it's a very dangerous job over 41 Border Patrol officers have died over the past 17 years. Over 100 have committed suicide over the past 13 years because it is such a difficult job in and of itself but also asking people to live in these areas can be very difficult. The inspector general actually focus on one city called Lukeville, Arizona where there's a border patrol station there, that's a community of 50 people, one gas station, one grocery store the nearest school is 39 miles away and the groundwater has traces of arsenic in it. So try to convince your spouse to bring their children to move to that community, it's obviously a very tough thing to do. So that's sort of some of the built in difficulties that they have.

OO;;(R|lBWu)i

Hari Sreenivasan: And finally the role is changing considering that now they're having to deal with families and children.

Zo!DcL,psRIQ

Alan Gomez: Yes so you already have just the daily stress of being a border patrol agent. And now they're being asked more and more to not sort of act as law enforcement but as processors of these tens of thousands of family units that are coming from Central America. So where before, illegal immigration the U.S. was predominantly single Mexican males coming over here trying to work and trying to evade border patrol when they get across the border, now what's happening is we're seeing these groups of 100, 200, 300 migrants at a time crossing the border and actively seeking out a Border Patrol agent to request asylum. And so now that agent, instead of going out there doing what he's trained to do as a law enforcement official, is forced to make medical assessments of these folks and process them and make sure they have enough water and food until they can get them and transfer them over to another facility that can better take care of them. So that just adds another layer of stress because there have been four Border Patrol, four deaths of migrants in Border Patrol custody over a period of four months recently. And so they feel that pressure. They know that that pressure is on top of them. And so it's very difficult to see now kind of service as people who are just taking care of these people instead of trying to track them down and arrest them.

_;AqSWT!a+5

Hari Sreenivasan: All right. Allan Gomez of USA Today thanks so much.

Uh#Y-m3jmK_MTW

Alan Gomez: Thank you.

Aql!CQewPJOl

mceN5hO6jm%[eMCDSM[]p#A#GJ(6WUSBhd8fiV7v0GQQ-v

重点单词   查看全部解释    
pressure ['preʃə]

想一想再看

n. 压力,压强,压迫
v. 施压

联想记忆
vast [vɑ:st]

想一想再看

adj. 巨大的,广阔的
n. 浩瀚的太

 
shifting [ʃiftiŋ]

想一想再看

n. 转移 adj. 不断改换的 动词shift的现在分

 
spouse [spauz]

想一想再看

n. 配偶

 
request [ri'kwest]

想一想再看

n. 要求,请求
vt. 请求,要求

联想记忆
track [træk]

想一想再看

n. 小路,跑道,踪迹,轨道,乐曲
v. 跟踪

 
reputation [.repju'teiʃən]

想一想再看

n. 声誉,好名声

联想记忆
asylum [ə'sailəm]

想一想再看

n. 收容所,避难所,庇护,精神病院

联想记忆
layer ['leiə]

想一想再看

n. 层
vi. 分层
vt. 将某

联想记忆
recruit [ri'kru:t]

想一想再看

v. 招募,征兵,吸收(新成员),补充
n.

联想记忆

发布评论我来说2句

    英语学习推荐

    • 英语听写训练
      听写强化训练系统有听写比对,按句停顿,中文翻译、听写错词提示等特色功能.
    • 可可英语微信:ikekenet
      关注可可英语官方微信,每天将会向大家推送短小精悍的英语学习资料..

    科学美国人60秒

    可可英语官方微信(微信号:ikekenet)

    每天向大家推送短小精悍的英语学习资料.

    添加方式1.扫描上方可可官方微信二维码。
    添加方式2.搜索微信号ikekenet添加即可。