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PBS高端访谈:欧洲是如何卷入美伊冲突的

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JUDY WOODRUFF: And now to the day's other news. U.S.-Iran tensions are still running high, amid new military moves, but both sides are playing down a possible confrontation. Iran's President Hassan Rouhani insisted today that his nation will not wage war. U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said that sending more troops to the region is a deterrent, not an escalation. Foreign affairs correspondent Nick Schifrin takes it from there.

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NICK SCHIFRIN: In Washington today, the U.S. and Europe's top diplomats presented a united front, but they are divide sharply on Iran. E.U. Foreign Affairs Chief Federica Mogherini's visit came less than 24 hours after that troop announcement, which Secretary of State Mike Pompeo described as strictly defensive.

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MIKE POMPEO, U.S. Secretary of State: President Trump doesn't want war, and we will continue to communicate that message, while doing the things that are necessary to protect American interests in the region.

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NICK SCHIFRIN: But while the administration's policy is maximum pressure, Mogherini on Monday urged maximum restraint.

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FEDERICA MOGHERINI, Foreign Policy Chief, European Union: What we wouldn't like to see is a military escalation in the region. We think that would be extremely dangerous.

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NICK SCHIFRIN: The U.S. blames Iran for the most recent escalation by attacking oil tankers in the Gulf of Oman. The military released these photos it says showing Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps sailors removing an unexploded Iranian mine from one of the tankers. In an interview with TIME magazine, President Trump called the attacks "very minor", but that he would "certainly go to war to prevent Iran from obtaining nuclear weapons".

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DONALD TRUMP, President of the United States: This was a horrible one-sided deal.

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NICK SCHIFRIN: In 2018, President Trump abandoned the deal limiting Iran's nuclear program. Today, U.S. sanctions have dramatically reduced Iranian oil exports and revenue. Under pressure economically, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani is publicly defiant.

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HASSAN ROUHANI, Iranian President (through translator): Despite all of the Americans' efforts in the region and their desire to cut off our ties with all of the world and their desire to keep Iran secluded, they have been unsuccessful.

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NICK SCHIFRIN: Iran vows to exceed caps imposed by the nuclear deal on enrichment and stockpiles if Europe can't deliver economic benefits. European diplomats, who met yesterday in Luxembourg, say they are caught between the U.S. pressure campaign and trying to pressure Iran to stay in the deal, as German Chancellor Angela Merkel said yesterday.

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ANGELA MERKEL, German Chancellor (through translator): In regard to the nuclear deal, we are pushing Iran to abide by it. If that is not the case, there will, of course, be consequences.

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NICK SCHIFRIN: But analysts say Europe will struggle to fulfill Iran's demands. And more U.S. troops will soon arrive in the region, as tensions continue to escalate. For the PBS NewsHour, I'm Nick Schifrin.

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JUDY WOODRUFF: We will get perspectives on the Shanahan matter and on Iran from sides of the political aisle after the news summary.

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重点单词   查看全部解释    
protect [prə'tekt]

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vt. 保护,投保

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interview ['intəvju:]

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n. 接见,会见,面试,面谈
vt. 接见,采

 
summary ['sʌməri]

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n. 摘要
adj. 概要的,简略的

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minor ['mainə]

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adj. 较小的,较少的,次要的
n. 未成年

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pressure ['preʃə]

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n. 压力,压强,压迫
v. 施压

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extremely [iks'tri:mli]

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adv. 极其,非常

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aisle [ail]

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n. (席位间的)通道,侧廊

 
campaign [kæm'pein]

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n. 运动,活动,战役,竞选运动
v. 从事运

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unsuccessful [,ʌnsək'sesful]

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adj. 失败的;不成功的

 
revolutionary [.revə'lu:ʃənəri]

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adj. 革命的
n. 革命者

 

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