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新奇事件簿(翻译+字幕+讲解):科学家希望找到治疗蛇咬伤的方法

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Scientists are hoping to find a universal cure for snakebite. Experts on snakebite venom in India, Kenya, Nigeria, the UK and the USA are working together on a possible cure. They are using the same technology that was used to discover HIV anti-bodies. The scientists are trying to find ways of using human anti-bodies to fight against snake venom. At the moment, snakebite is treated using anti-venom which adapts the actual venom from the snake. Professor Robert Harrison, from the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, said: "We're pursuing what we call the 'next generation' of snakebite therapies, which we hope will be able to treat bites from any snake in Africa or India."

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科学家希望找到治疗蛇咬伤的方法.jpg
Snakebites kill up to 140,000 people a year. More people die from snakebite than from infectious diseases like rabies or dengue fever. A further 400,000 people suffer life-changing injuries after being bitten by a snake. These injuries include amputations and psychological trauma. There are about 250 types of snake worldwide that have harmful venom. The venom from these snakes is very different, which makes finding anti-venoms very challenging for scientists. Former Secretary-General of the UN, Kofi Annan, describes snakebite as, "the biggest public health crisis you have likely never heard of". However, people who get the right anti-venom have a very high chance of survival.

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重点单词   查看全部解释    
challenging ['tʃælindʒiŋ]

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adj. 大胆的(复杂的,有前途的,挑战的) n. 复杂

 
fever ['fi:və]

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n. 发烧,发热,狂热
v. (使)发烧,(使

 
terminal ['tə:minl]

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n. 终端机,终点,终点站,末端
adj. 末

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universal [.ju:ni'və:səl]

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adj. 普遍的,通用的,宇宙的,全体的,全世界的

 
survival [sə'vaivəl]

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n. 生存,幸存者

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trauma ['trɔ:mə]

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n. 精神创伤,外伤

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tropical ['trɔpikəl]

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adj. 热带的,炎热的,热带植物的

 
unavailing ['ʌnə'veiliŋ]

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adj. 无益的,无用的,无效的

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venom ['venəm]

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n. 毒液,恶意

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psychological [.saikə'lɔdʒikəl]

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adj. 心理(学)的

 


关键字: 蛇咬伤 抗蛇毒素

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