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2010年6月四级备考之真题热身(1)——篇章词汇

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原题:

  In families with two working parents, fathers may have more impact on a childs language development than mothers, a new study suggests.

  Researchers 47 92 families form 11 child care centers before their children were a year old, interviewing each to establish income, level of education and child care arrangements. Overall, it was a group of well-class families, with married parents both living in the home.

  When the children were 2, researchers videotaped them at home in free-play sessions with both parents, 48 all of their speech. The study will appear in the November issue of The Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology.

  The scientists measured the 49 number of utterance (话语) of the parents, the number of different words they used, the complexity of their sentences and other 50 of their speech. On average, fathers spoke less than mothers did, but they did not differ in the length of utterances or proportion of questions asked.

  Finally, the researchers 51 the childrens speech at age 3, using a standardized language test. The only predictors of high scores on the test were the mothers level of education, the 52 of child care and the number of different words the father used.

  The researchers are 53 why the fathers speech, and not the mothers, had an effect.

  “Its well 54 that the mothers language does have an impact, said Nadya Pancsofar, the lead author of the study. It could be that the high-functioning mothers in the study had 55 had a strong influence on their childrens speech development, Ms. Pancsofar said, “or it may be that mothers are 56 in a way we didn’t measure in the study.”

  

A) already F) describing K) recruited

B) analyzed G) established L) total

C) aspects H) quality M) unconscious

D) characters I) quoted N) unsure

E) contributing J) recording O) yet

  

  

重点单词   查看全部解释    
proportion [prə'pɔ:ʃən]

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n. 比例,均衡,部份,(复)体积,规模
vt

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issue ['iʃju:]

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n. 发行物,期刊号,争论点
vi. & vt

 
complexity [kəm'pleksiti]

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n. 复杂,复杂性,复杂的事物

联想记忆
impact ['impækt,im'pækt]

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n. 冲击(力), 冲突,影响(力)
vt.

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measured ['meʒəd]

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adj. 量过的,慎重的,基于标准的,有韵律的 动词me

 
quality ['kwɔliti]

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n. 品质,特质,才能
adj. 高品质的

 
measure ['meʒə]

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n. 措施,办法,量度,尺寸
v. 测量,量

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spoke [spəuk]

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v. 说,说话,演说

 
recording [ri'kɔ:diŋ]

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n. 录音 动词record的现在分词

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established [is'tæbliʃt]

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adj. 已被确认的,确定的,建立的,制定的 动词est

 


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