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英语四级高分必备500关键句(MP3+文本)第121期:攻克阅读(121)

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121.It could be that the high一unctioning mothers En the study had already had a strong influence on (heir children's speech development, Ms.Pancsofar said,"or it may be that mothers are contributing in a way we didn’t measure in the study."

英语四级译文:
这项研究中那些高效的妈妈们在孩子语言发展中可能已经产生了很大的影响,潘克索法尔女士说,“也可能是母亲起作用的方式在这次研究中并未测量到。”

四级词汇讲解:
本句的主干是Ms. Pancsofar said。之前的内容是间接引语,为said的宾语,其中that引导的是表语从句;引号之中为直接引语,也是said的宾语,其中that引导的也是表语从句,该表语从句中we didn't measure in the study是way的定语从句。

have an influence on的意思是“对……产生影响”。如:

This novel had a major influence on the youth.
这部小说对年轻人产生了重要影响。

measure在句中作动词,意为“衡量,测量”,此外它还有“仔细考虑,较量”之意。
如:As a writer, she always measures her words.
作为作家,她总是用词考究。

英语四级考点归纳:
引导表语从句的关联词有以下几种情况:
※ 从属连词that,即主语+系动词+that从句。如:
The truth is that I have bought the house with all of my savings.
事实是,我已经用所有的积蓄买下了这所房子。
It seems that we have known each other for decades.
我们看起来好像认识了几十年似的。

※ 从属连词whether, as, as if,即主语+系动词+whether/as/ as if以句。如:
You looked just as you had looked in high school.
你看起来还和中学时一样。
The point is whether they will accept our offer.
关键是他们是否会接受我们的报价。

※ 连接代词who, whom, whose, what, which, whoever, whatever和whichever,以及连接副词where, when, how和why。如:
The question is when and where we will meet.
问题是我们何时何地见面。
That was what he told me.
那就是他告诉我的。



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