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2019年12月英语四级(第2套)听力真题 短文(1)

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Analytical skills are our ability to understand and solve problems using information we have available. These skills are extremely important for our professional, social, and intellectual lives. What are the best ways to improve them? One way is to expand your world view. Unfortunately, this takes time. Ultimately, it will help you better evaluate information and analyze different ideas and outcomes. Traveling is a great way to expand your world view, although it can be expensive. An entertaining way of enhancing your analytical skills is to engage them by playing brain games. These are games that challenge you to think deeply and to develop your analytical skills. These games will get you used to thinking in a certain way. As a result, they will help improve your ability to think. However, opinions vary on whether video games are effective. The general consensus is that the best ones avoid mindless violence, and instead focus on strategy and challenge us to solve problems and achieve broad goals. Joining a debate or reading club or group is also a good idea. This provides people with the opportunity to come together and discuss ideas, literature and problems. Groups like these will help you refine your analytical skills and enable you to express yourself better. Any social group that encourages free exchange of ideas and pursuit of knowledge is beneficial. It helps you to actively develop your analytical skills.

分析技能是我们利用现有信息理解和解决问题的能力。这些技能对我们的职业、社交和智力生活极其重要。改善这些技能的最佳方法是什么?一种方法是扩大你的世界观。不幸的是,这需要时间。最终,它将帮助你更好地评估信息和分析不同的想法和结果。虽然旅行成本是昂贵的,但是旅行是一个可以扩大世界观的不错的方法。增强分析能力的一个有趣的方法是通过玩智力游戏,尽力理解这种能力。这些游戏能够挑战你的深度思考能力和开发你的分析能力。这些游戏会让你习惯以某种方式思考。因此,它们将有助于提高你的思维能力。然而,对于电子游戏是否有效,人们众说纷纭。普遍的共识是,最好的游戏就是避免盲目的暴力,而是把重点放在策略上,向我们提出挑战,以解决问题,实现广泛的目标。参加一场辩论或加入阅读俱乐部或小组也是一个好主意。这为人们提供了聚在一起讨论思想、文学和问题的机会。像这样的小组会帮助你完善你的分析技巧,使你能更好地表达自己。任何鼓励思想自由交流和追求知识的社会团体都是对社会有用的。它帮助你积极地发展你的分析技能。

Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.

请根据刚才所听的文章回答16-18题。
Question 16. What kind of ability do analytical skills refer to in the passage?
问题16:根据这篇文章,分析能力指的是什么样的能力?
Question 17. What does the passage say is an entertaining way of enhancing one's analytical skills?
问题17:根据这篇文章,什么是增强分析能力的有趣方法?
Question 18. What else does the speaker advise people to do to improve their analytical skills?
问题18:作者还建议人们做些什么来提高他们的分析能力?

重点单词   查看全部解释    
avoid [ə'vɔid]

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vt. 避免,逃避

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social ['səuʃəl]

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adj. 社会的,社交的
n. 社交聚会

 
understand [.ʌndə'stænd]

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vt. 理解,懂,听说,获悉,将 ... 理解为,认为<

 
solve [sɔlv]

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v. 解决,解答

 
professional [prə'feʃənl]

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adj. 职业的,专业的,专门的
n. 专业人

 
effective [i'fektiv]

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adj. 有效的,有影响的

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expand [iks'pænd]

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v. 增加,详述,扩展,使 ... 膨胀,
v

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mindless ['maindlis]

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adj. 不小心的,不留神的,不顾虑的

 
available [ə'veiləbl]

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adj. 可用的,可得到的,有用的,有效的

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intellectual [.intil'ektʃuəl]

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n. 知识份子,凭理智做事者
adj. 智力的

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