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2019年12月英语四级(第2套)听力真题 短文(2)

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There's an endless amount of scientific data proving that dogs can develop strong bonds with their owners. People aren't kidding when they say they love their dog or their dog loves them, but were rather ignorant about the nature of the relationships that form between dogs. In an effort to understand the matter further, I spoke with doctors Mark Beckhoff, a researcher and former professor of animal behavior. The doctors'response to the question of whether or not dogs can fall in love like humans do was a straight "Of course!" He went on to say that if love is defined as a long-term commitment, meaning dogs seek one another out when they're apart, they're happy when they're reunited, they protect one another, they feed one another, they raise their children together. Then, of course, dogs love each other. Now our furry friends don't really experience romantic love, like in the movies, but they can form deep and lasting bonds with their fellow dogs as well as humans. In fact, evidence shows almost dogs stay with one partner their whole lives. In actuality, love between dogs can be even more intimate than human relationships. When they interact, they aren't afraid to smell each other and will express themselves clearly and honestly. Once again, it seems we have a lot to learn from dogs.

有无数的科学数据证明狗能与主人建立牢固的关系。当他们说爱自己的狗或者他们的狗爱自己时,他们并不是在开玩笑,但是对于形成狗与狗之间的本质关系却一无所知。为了进一步了解这一问题,我采访了研究员、前动物行为教授马克·贝克霍夫博士。对于狗是否能像人类一样坠入爱河的问题,这位博士的回答直截了当,“狗当然可以了!”他接着说,如果爱被定义为一种长期的承诺,那就意味着狗在分开的时候会互相寻找,它们在团聚的时候会很高兴,它们会相互保护,互相喂食,它们会一起抚养孩子。当然,狗也会彼此相爱。现在,我们毛茸茸的朋友并不像电影里那样,真正体验到浪漫的爱情,但是它们可以和同类以及人类形成深厚而持久的联系。事实上,证据显示几乎所有的狗一生只和一个伴侣在一起。事实上,狗与狗之间的爱甚至比人与人之间的关系更亲密。当它们互动时,它们不怕闻到对方的气味,会清楚而诚实地表达自己。再次看来,我们有很多东西要向狗学习。

Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.

请根据刚才所听的短文回答19-21题。
Question 19. What does the passage say we don't know much about?
问题19:根据这篇文章,我们不太了解的是什么?
Question 20. What does Dr. Mark Beckhoff say about dogs?
问题20:关于狗,马克·贝克霍夫博士说了些什么?
Question 21. What does the speaker say about most dogs?
问题21:关于大多数狗,作者都说了些什么?

重点单词   查看全部解释    
defined [di'faind]

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adj. 有定义的,确定的;清晰的,轮廓分明的 v. 使

 
evidence ['evidəns]

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n. 根据,证据
v. 证实,证明

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protect [prə'tekt]

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vt. 保护,投保

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actuality [æktʃu'æliti]

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n. 实在,现实,现状

 
lasting ['læstiŋ]

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adj. 永久的,永恒的
动词last的现在分

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partner ['pɑ:tnə]

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n. 搭档,伙伴,合伙人
v. 同 ... 合

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romantic [rə'mæntik]

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adj. 浪漫的
n. 浪漫的人

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intimate ['intimeit,'intimit]

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adj. 亲密的,私人的,秘密的
n. 密友<

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commitment [kə'mitmənt]

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n. 承诺,保证; 确定,实行

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ignorant ['ignərənt]

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adj. 不知道的,无知的,愚昧的

 

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