There are no guarantees that the gap between is and ought can be closed.
Every time someone tells you to "be realistic" they are asking you to compromise your ideals.
Ms Neiman acknowledges that your ideals will never be met completely.
But sometimes, however imperfectly, you can make progress.
It is as if you are moving an unattainable horizon.
"Human dignity," she writes, "requires the love of ideals for its own sake, but nothing requires that the love will be requited." ...
Ms Neiman asks people to reject the false choice between Utopia and degeneracy.
Moral progress, she writes, is neither guaranteed nor is it hopeless.
Instead, it is up to us.