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雅思大作文report型写作:人类活动对环境的危害

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  各位考鸭们大家好!春天到了,气温渐渐转暖,正是踏青的好时节。不知道大家有没有注意到最近的空气质量也渐渐变好了呢~ 好的,接下来让我们来看一篇关于环境类的雅思大作文吧,看看曼城前考官Simon是如何解答这类写作的。
  题目分享:Explain some of the ways in which humans are damaging the environment. What can governments do to address these problems? What can individual people do?
  这是一篇report类的题目,考鸭们要注意题目中虽然只有两个问句,但包含了三项应该涉及的内容,即1)人们是如何造成环境污染的;2)对于这些环境污染,政府该如何解决;3)和个人该如何解决。另外,这类问题的解决方案是根据考鸭们自己提出的causes,所以解决方案要针对出现问题的原因哦。下面让我们一起来分析以下范文吧~
  Word count: 250
  Humans are responsible for a variety of environmental problems, but we can also take steps to reduce the damage that we are causing to the planet. This essay will discuss environmental problems and the measures that governments and individuals can take to address these problems.
  第一段改写了题目要求,简短地引出了这篇讨论的话题和背景。另外,该段又加入了一句总结句,介绍了这篇文章的主要内容和内容布置。
  Two of the biggest threats to the environment are air pollution and waste. Gas emissions from factories and exhaust fumes from vehicles lead to global warming, which may have a devastating effect on the planet in the future. As the human population increases, we are also producing ever greater quantities of waste, which contaminates the earth and pollutes rivers and oceans.
  第二段介绍了造成环境问题的两大威胁来源:空气和垃圾污染。在总起句之后,这两类污染又进行了具体的展开。
  Governments could certainly make more effort to reduce air pollution. They could introduce laws to limit emissions from factories or to force companies to use renewable energy from solar, wind or water power. They could also impose ‘green taxes' on drivers and airline companies. In this way, people would be encouraged to use public transport and to take fewer flights abroad, therefore reducing emissions.
  根据前面的内容,第三段提出了政府可以解决空气污染的方式,即颁布相关法律和增加税收。
  Individuals should also take responsibility for the impact they have on the environment. They can take public transport rather than driving, choose products with less packaging, and recycle as much as possible. Most supermarkets now provide reusable bags for shoppers as well as ‘banks' for recycling glass, plastic and paper in their car parks. By reusing and recycling, we can help to reduce waste.
  紧接着上一段,此处回答了题目中个人可以如何减少空气污染和垃圾污染,比如乘坐公共交通和回收利用。
  In conclusion, both national governments and individuals must play their part in looking after the environment.
  最后一段就简短的话就概括了政府和个人在环境保护方面都有自己的责任。当然,如果时间充裕的话,还可以简短的总结下以上的措施哦~
  下面附上值得学习的词汇和词组:
  1. environmental 和环境有关的
  2. address these problems... 处理这些问题
  3. gas emissions from factories 工厂废气排放
  4. exhaust fumes from vehicles 汽车尾气排放
  5. devastating (a devastating effect) 毁灭性的
  6. contaminate (contaminate the earth) 污染
  7. renewable energy 可再生资源
  8. impose 强加/强行实施
  9. reusable 可重复使用的

重点单词   查看全部解释    
exhaust [ig'zɔ:st]

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v. 耗尽,使衰竭,使筋疲力尽
n. 排气装置

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contaminate [kən'tæmineit]

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vt. 弄脏,污染

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variety [və'raiəti]

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n. 多样,种类,杂耍

 
plastic ['plæstik, plɑ:stik]

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adj. 塑料的,可塑的,造型的,整形的,易受影响的

 
planet ['plænit]

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n. 行星

 
environment [in'vaiərənmənt]

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n. 环境,外界

 
population [.pɔpju'leiʃən]

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n. 人口 ,(全体)居民,人数

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devastating ['devəsteitiŋ]

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adj. 毁灭性的,令人震惊的,强有力的

 
address [ə'dres]

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n. 住址,致词,讲话,谈吐,(处理问题的)技巧

 
conclusion [kən'klu:ʒən]

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n. 结论

 

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