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习近平主席在中国共产党第十九次全国代表大会上的报告(6)(中英对照)

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2. Committing to a people-centered approach. The people are the creators of history; they are the fundamental force that determines our Party and country's future. We must ensure the principal status of the people, and adhere to the Party's commitment to serving the public good and exercising power in the interests of the people. We must observe the Party's fundamental purpose of wholeheartedly serving the people, and put into practice the Party's mass line in all aspects of governance. We must regard as our goal the people's aspirations to live a better life, and rely on the people to move history forward.

(二)坚持以人民为中心。人民是历史的创造者,是决定党和国家前途命运的根本力量。必须坚持人民主体地位,坚持立党为公、执政为民,践行全心全意为人民服务的根本宗旨,把党的群众路线贯彻到治国理政全部活动之中,把人民对美好生活的向往作为奋斗目标,依靠人民创造历史伟业。
3. Continuing to comprehensively deepen reform. Only with socialism can we save China; only with reform and opening can we develop China, develop socialism, and develop Marxism. We must uphold and improve the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics and continue to modernize China's system and capacity for governance. We must have the determination to get rid of all outdated thinking and ideas and all institutional ailments, and to break through the blockades of vested interests. We should draw on the achievements of other civilizations, develop a set of institutions that are well conceived, fully built, procedure based, and efficiently functioning, and do full justice to the strengths of China's socialist system.
(三)坚持全面深化改革。只有社会主义才能救中国,只有改革开放才能发展中国、发展社会主义、发展马克思主义。必须坚持和完善中国特色社会主义制度,不断推进国家治理体系和治理能力现代化,坚决破除一切不合时宜的思想观念和体制机制弊端,突破利益固化的藩篱,吸收人类文明有益成果,构建系统完备、科学规范、运行有效的制度体系,充分发挥我国社会主义制度优越性。
4. Adopting a new vision for development. Development is the underpinning and the key for solving all our country's problems; our development must be sound development. We must pursue with firmness of purpose the vision of innovative, coordinated, green, and open development that is for everyone. We must uphold and improve China's basic socialist economic system and socialist distribution system. There must be no irresolution about working to consolidate and develop the public sector; and there must be no irresolution about working to encourage, support, and guide the development of the non-public sector. We must see that the market plays the decisive role in resource allocation, the government plays its role better, and new industrialization, IT application, urbanization, and agricultural modernization go hand in hand. We must actively participate in and promote economic globalization, develop an open economy of higher standards, and continue to increase China's economic power and composite strength.
(四)坚持新发展理念。发展是解决我国一切问题的基础和关键,发展必须是科学发展,必须坚定不移贯彻创新、协调、绿色、开放、共享的发展理念。必须坚持和完善我国社会主义基本经济制度和分配制度,毫不动摇巩固和发展公有制经济,毫不动摇鼓励、支持、引导非公有制经济发展,使市场在资源配置中起决定性作用,更好发挥政府作用,推动新型工业化、信息化、城镇化、农业现代化同步发展,主动参与和推动经济全球化进程,发展更高层次的开放型经济,不断壮大我国经济实力和综合国力。
5. Seeing that the people run the country. Commitment to the organic unity of Party leadership, the running of the country by the people, and law-based governance is a natural element of socialist political advancement. We must keep to the path of socialist political advancement with Chinese characteristics; uphold and improve the system of people's congresses, the system of Party-led multiparty cooperation and political consultation, the system of regional ethnic autonomy, and the system of community-level self-governance; and consolidate and develop the broadest possible patriotic united front. We should develop socialist consultative democracy, improve our democratic institutions, diversify our forms of democracy, and establish more democratic channels. We must see to it that the principle of the people running the country is put into practice in China's political and social activities.
(五)坚持人民当家作主。坚持党的领导、人民当家作主、依法治国有机统一是社会主义政治发展的必然要求。必须坚持中国特色社会主义政治发展道路,坚持和完善人民代表大会制度、中国共产党领导的多党合作和政治协商制度、民族区域自治制度、基层群众自治制度,巩固和发展最广泛的爱国统一战线,发展社会主义协商民主,健全民主制度,丰富民主形式,拓宽民主渠道,保证人民当家作主落实到国家政治生活和社会生活之中。
6. Ensuring every dimension of governance is law-based. Law-based governance is an essential requirement and important guarantee for socialism with Chinese characteristics. We must exercise Party leadership at every point in the process and over every dimension of law-based governance, and be fully committed to promoting socialist rule of law with Chinese characteristics. We must improve the Chinese socialist system of laws, at the heart of which is the Constitution; establish a Chinese system of socialist rule of law; build a socialist country based on the rule of law; and develop Chinese socialist rule of law theory. We must pursue coordinated progress in law-based governance, law-based exercise of state power, and law-based government administration, and promote the integrated development of rule of law for the country, the government, and society. We must continue to promote a combination of rule of law and rule of virtue, and combine law-based governance of the country and rule-based governance over the Party. We must further the reform of the judicial system, and strengthen rule of law awareness among all our people while also enhancing their moral integrity.
(六)坚持全面依法治国。全面依法治国是中国特色社会主义的本质要求和重要保障。必须把党的领导贯彻落实到依法治国全过程和各方面,坚定不移走中国特色社会主义法治道路,完善以宪法为核心的中国特色社会主义法律体系,建设中国特色社会主义法治体系,建设社会主义法治国家,发展中国特色社会主义法治理论,坚持依法治国、依法执政、依法行政共同推进,坚持法治国家、法治政府、法治社会一体建设,坚持依法治国和以德治国相结合,依法治国和依规治党有机统一,深化司法体制改革,提高全民族法治素养和道德素质。
7. Upholding core socialist values. Cultural confidence represents a fundamental and profound force that sustains the development of a country and a nation. We must uphold Marxism, firm up and further build the ideal of Communism and a shared ideal of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and nurture and practice core socialist values, while making continued and greater efforts to maintain the initiative and ensure we have our say in the realm of ideology. We must promote the creative evolution and development of fine traditional Chinese culture, see our revolutionary culture remains alive and strong, and develop an advanced socialist culture. We should cherish our cultural roots, draw on other cultures, and be forward-thinking. We should do more to foster a Chinese spirit, Chinese values, and Chinese strength to provide a source of cultural and moral guidance for our people.
(七)坚持社会主义核心价值体系。文化自信是一个国家、一个民族发展中更基本、更深沉、更持久的力量。必须坚持马克思主义,牢固树立共产主义远大理想和中国特色社会主义共同理想,培育和践行社会主义核心价值观,不断增强意识形态领域主导权和话语权,推动中华优秀传统文化创造性转化、创新性发展,继承革命文化,发展社会主义先进文化,不忘本来、吸收外来、面向未来,更好构筑中国精神、中国价值、中国力量,为人民提供精神指引。
8. Ensuring and improving living standards through development. The wellbeing of the people is the fundamental goal of development. We must do more to improve the lives and address the concerns of the people, and use development to strengthen areas of weakness and promote social fairness and justice. We should make steady progress in ensuring people's access to childcare, education, employment, medical services, elderly care, housing, and social assistance. We will intensify poverty alleviation, see that all our people have a greater sense of fulfillment as they contribute to and gain from development, and continue to promote well-rounded human development and common prosperity for everyone. We will continue the Peaceful China initiative, strengthen and develop new forms of social governance, and ensure social harmony and stability. We must work hard to see that our country enjoys enduring peace and stability and our people live and work in contentment.
(八)坚持在发展中保障和改善民生。增进民生福祉是发展的根本目的。必须多谋民生之利、多解民生之忧,在发展中补齐民生短板、促进社会公平正义,在幼有所育、学有所教、劳有所得、病有所医、老有所养、住有所居、弱有所扶上不断取得新进展,深入开展脱贫攻坚,保证全体人民在共建共享发展中有更多获得感,不断促进人的全面发展、全体人民共同富裕。建设平安中国,加强和创新社会治理,维护社会和谐稳定,确保国家长治久安、人民安居乐业。
9. Ensuring harmony between human and nature. Building an ecological civilization is vital to sustain the Chinese nation's development. We must realize that lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets and act on this understanding, implement our fundamental national policy of conserving resources and protecting the environment, and cherish the environment as we cherish our own lives. We will adopt a holistic approach to conserving our mountains, rivers, forests, farmlands, lakes, and grasslands, implement the strictest possible systems for environmental protection, and develop eco-friendly growth models and ways of life. We must pursue a model of sustainable development featuring increased production, higher living standards, and healthy ecosystems. We must continue the Beautiful China initiative to create good working and living environments for our people and play our part in ensuring global ecological security.
(九)坚持人与自然和谐共生。建设生态文明是中华民族永续发展的千年大计。必须树立和践行绿水青山就是金山银山的理念,坚持节约资源和保护环境的基本国策,像对待生命一样对待生态环境,统筹山水林田湖草系统治理,实行最严格的生态环境保护制度,形成绿色发展方式和生活方式,坚定走生产发展、生活富裕、生态良好的文明发展道路,建设美丽中国,为人民创造良好生产生活环境,为全球生态安全作出贡献。
10. Pursuing a holistic approach to national security. We should ensure both development and security and be ever ready to protect against potential dangers in time of peace. This is a major principle underlying the Party's governance. We must put national interests first, take protecting our people's security as our mission and safeguarding political security as a fundamental task, and ensure both internal and external security, homeland and public security, traditional and non-traditional security, and China's own and common security. We will improve our systems and institutions and enhance capacity-building for national security, and resolutely safeguard China's sovereignty, security, and development interests.
(十)坚持总体国家安全观。统筹发展和安全,增强忧患意识,做到居安思危,是我们党治国理政的一个重大原则。必须坚持国家利益至上,以人民安全为宗旨,以政治安全为根本,统筹外部安全和内部安全、国土安全和国民安全、传统安全和非传统安全、自身安全和共同安全,完善国家安全制度体系,加强国家安全能力建设,坚决维护国家主权、安全、发展利益。
11. Upholding absolute Party leadership over the people's armed forces. Building people's forces that obey the Party's command, can fight and win, and maintain excellent conduct is strategically important to achieving the two centenary goals and national rejuvenation. To realize the Party's goal of building a powerful military in the new era, we must fully implement the fundamental principles and systems of Party leadership over the military, and see that Party strategy on strengthening military capabilities for the new era guides work to build national defense and the armed forces. We must continue to enhance the political loyalty of the armed forces, strengthen them through reform and technology, and run them in accordance with law. We must place greater focus on combat, encourage innovation, build systems, increase efficacy and efficiency, and further military-civilian integration.
(十一)坚持党对人民军队的绝对领导。建设一支听党指挥、能打胜仗、作风优良的人民军队,是实现“两个一百年”奋斗目标、实现中华民族伟大复兴的战略支撑。必须全面贯彻党领导人民军队的一系列根本原则和制度,确立新时代党的强军思想在国防和军队建设中的指导地位,坚持政治建军、改革强军、科技兴军、依法治军,更加注重聚焦实战,更加注重创新驱动,更加注重体系建设,更加注重集约高效,更加注重军民融合,实现党在新时代的强军目标。
12. Upholding the principle of "one country, two systems" and promoting national reunification. Maintaining lasting prosperity and stability in Hong Kong and Macao and achieving China's full reunification are essential to realizing national rejuvenation. We must ensure both the central government's overall jurisdiction over the Hong Kong and Macao special administrative regions and a high degree of autonomy in the two regions. We should ensure that the principle of "one country, two systems" remains unchanged, is unwaveringly upheld, and in practice is not bent or distorted. We must uphold the one-China principle and the 1992 Consensus, promote the peaceful development of cross-Straits relations, deepen economic cooperation and cultural exchange between the two sides of the Straits, and encourage fellow Chinese on both sides to oppose all separatist activities and work together to realize Chinese national rejuvenation.
(十二)坚持“一国两制”和推进祖国统一。保持香港、澳门长期繁荣稳定,实现祖国完全统一,是实现中华民族伟大复兴的必然要求。必须把维护中央对香港、澳门特别行政区全面管治权和保障特别行政区高度自治权有机结合起来,确保“一国两制”方针不会变、不动摇,确保“一国两制”实践不变形、不走样。必须坚持一个中国原则,坚持“九二共识”,推动两岸关系和平发展,深化两岸经济合作和文化往来,推动两岸同胞共同反对一切分裂国家的活动,共同为实现中华民族伟大复兴而奋斗。
13. Promoting the building of a community with a shared future for mankind. The dream of the Chinese people is closely connected with the dreams of the peoples of other countries; the Chinese Dream can be realized only in a peaceful international environment and under a stable international order. We must keep in mind both our internal and international imperatives, stay on the path of peaceful development, and continue to pursue a mutually beneficial strategy of opening-up. We will uphold justice while pursuing shared interests, and will foster new thinking on common, comprehensive, cooperative, and sustainable security. We will pursue open, innovative, and inclusive development that benefits everyone; boost cross-cultural exchanges characterized by harmony within diversity, inclusiveness, and mutual learning; and cultivate ecosystems based on respect for nature and green development. China will continue its efforts to safeguard world peace, contribute to global development, and uphold international order.
(十三)坚持推动构建人类命运共同体。中国人民的梦想同各国人民的梦想息息相通,实现中国梦离不开和平的国际环境和稳定的国际秩序。必须统筹国内国际两个大局,始终不渝走和平发展道路、奉行互利共赢的开放战略,坚持正确义利观,树立共同、综合、合作、可持续的新安全观,谋求开放创新、包容互惠的发展前景,促进和而不同、兼收并蓄的文明交流,构筑尊崇自然、绿色发展的生态体系,始终做世界和平的建设者、全球发展的贡献者、国际秩序的维护者。
14. Exercising full and rigorous governance over the Party. To have the courage to carry out self-reform and conduct strict self-governance: this is the most distinctive part of our Party's character. We must uphold the Party Constitution as our fundamental rules, give top priority to the political work of the Party, combine efforts on ideological work and institution building, and strengthen Party competence in all respects. We must focus on oversight over the "key few," by which we mean leading officials, and see that the principle of Three Stricts and Three Earnests are observed.
(十四)坚持全面从严治党。勇于自我革命,从严管党治党,是我们党最鲜明的品格。必须以党章为根本遵循,把党的政治建设摆在首位,思想建党和制度治党同向发力,统筹推进党的各项建设,抓住“关键少数”,坚持“三严三实”,
We must uphold democratic centralism, ensure that intraparty political activities are carried out in earnest, impose strict Party discipline, and strengthen internal oversight. We must develop a positive and healthy political culture in the Party and improve the Party's political ecosystem, resolutely correct misconduct in all its forms, and show zero tolerance for corruption. We will continue to strengthen the Party's ability to purify, improve, and reform itself, and forever maintain its close ties with the people.
坚持民主集中制,严肃党内政治生活,严明党的纪律,强化党内监督,发展积极健康的党内政治文化,全面净化党内政治生态,坚决纠正各种不正之风,以零容忍态度惩治腐败,不断增强党自我净化、自我完善、自我革新、自我提高的能力,始终保持党同人民群众的血肉联系。
The above 14 points form the basic policy that underpins our endeavors to uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. All our members must fully implement the Party's basic theory, line, and policy so as to better steer the development of the Party and people's cause.
以上十四条,构成新时代坚持和发展中国特色社会主义的基本方略。全党同志必须全面贯彻党的基本理论、基本路线、基本方略,更好引领党和人民事业发展。

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adopt [ə'dɔpt]

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community [kə'mju:niti]

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n. 社区,社会,团体,共同体,公众,[生]群落

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observe [əb'zə:v]

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v. 观察,遵守,注意到
v. 评论,庆

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patriotic [.pætri'ɔtik]

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committed [kə'mitid]

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contentment [kən'tentmənt]

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social ['səuʃəl]

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