Over the past year, China has stepped up to its responsibility as a major country, playing a constructive role in the political settlement of regional flashpoints.
On the issue of the Korean Peninsula, China has always been committed to safeguarding peace and stability of the Peninsula and resolving the issue through dialogue and consultation. China has been working to promote synchronized progress in the establishment of a permanent peace mechanism and complete denuclearization of the Peninsula. In this process, China maintains that the concerns of all parties, the DPRK's legitimate concerns over its security and development in particular, should be properly addressed.
On the question of the Middle East, China is committed to upholding the effectiveness and authority of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), and resolving differences through dialogue and consultation. China has advocated the political settlement of the Palestinian and Syrian issues and other regional hotspots. China held the first Middle East Security Forum, and its proposals on Middle East security were welcomed by countries in the region. As part of its shuttle diplomacy on Afghanistan, China facilitated the intra-Afghan dialogue, the China-Afghanistan-Pakistan trilateral dialogues and the China-Russia-US consultation, and hosted the first China-Russia-US-Pakistan four-party meeting in intensified efforts to expedite peace and reconciliation in Afghanistan.
China called on its two neighbors, India and Pakistan, to deescalate conflict, resume dialogue and manage differences. China promoted peace talks between Myanmar and Bangladesh, and urged them to properly resolve existing issues through dialogue and consultation.
Over the past year, we have firmly defended our core national interests, contributing our due share to China's development, stability and national reunification.
We have firmly implemented the policy of "one country, two systems", and supported the Hong Kong SAR government in curbing violence and restoring order. We have fought resolutely against external forces interfering in Hong Kong and in China's internal affairs, and pushed back the dark hand instigating a "color revolution" in Hong Kong. We have given a robust response to the slanderous attacks by anti-China forces over Xingjiang. In 2019, up to 1,000 diplomats, journalists and scholars were invited to visit Xinjiang and see the situation there through their own eyes. Facing provocations by some Western countries at the UN Human Rights Council and the Third Committee of the General Assembly, China refuted and prevailed over groundless accusations with clear facts, and its just position has won overwhelming support from the international community. Last year, China established or resumed diplomatic relations with the Dominican Republic, Burkina Faso and El Salvador. This year, China established relations with the Solomon Islands, and resumed relations with Kiribati. As the number of countries having diplomatic ties with China increased to 180, the one-China consensus is more widely embraced than ever before in the international community.