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(中英)2010年温家宝总理政府工作报告

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(五)大力加强文化建设

5. Energetically promoting cultural progress

国家发展、民族振兴,不仅需要强大的经济力量,更需要强大的文化力量。文化是一个民族的精神和灵魂,是一个民族真正有力量的决定性因素,可以深刻影响一个国家发展的进程,改变一个民族的命运。没有先进文化的发展,没有全民族文明素质的提高,就不可能真正实现现代化。解放思想、改革开放的时代精神,已经成为推动社会前进的先进文化力量,使中华民族充满生机与活力。

To develop the country and rejuvenate the nation, we must not only be economically strong, but more importantly, be culturally strong. Culture is the spirit and soul of a nation, and the determining factor of whether it is truly strong or not. It can profoundly affect the progress of a country's development and change the destiny of a nation. If we do not develop an advanced culture and improve the whole nation's cultural and ethical levels, we cannot truly modernize. Emancipating our minds, and reform and opening up embody the spirit of our times, and they have become an advanced cultural force driving social progress and have filled the Chinese nation with vigor and vitality.

一年来,我们大力发展公益性文化事业,加快推进文化体制改革,加强公共文化服务体系建设,促进文化产业快速成长,繁荣文化市场,有效扩大了内需。新的一年,我们要更加重视和大力加强文化建设。继承和弘扬中华民族优秀传统文化,吸收和借鉴世界各国文明成果,建设中华民族共有精神家园。政府要更好地履行发展公益性文化事业的责任,保障人民群众的基本需求和权益。文化基础设施建设和公共文化资源配置要向基层、特别是农村和中西部地区倾斜,推进美术馆、图书馆、文化馆、博物馆免费开放,丰富人民群众的精神文化生活。要继续推进文化体制改革,扶持公益性文化事业,发展文化产业,鼓励文化创新,培育骨干文化企业,生产更多健康向上的文化产品,满足人民群众多样化的文化需求。促进哲学社会科学、广播影视、新闻出版、档案事业发展,繁荣文学艺术创作,加强文物保护。积极开展对外文化交流,增强中华文化国际影响力。大力发展公共体育事业,广泛开展全民健身运动,提高人民的身体素质。中华民族不仅能够创造经济奇迹,也一定能够创造新的文化辉煌。

Over the past year, we vigorously developed non-profit cultural programs, sped up the reform of the cultural management system, improved the system of public cultural services, stimulated the rapid growth of our culture industry, brought prosperity to the culture market, and effectively expanded domestic demand. In the new year, we need to pay greater attention to and vigorously promote cultural progress. We will draw upon and carry forward the fine traditional culture of the Chinese nation, draw on and make use of the achievements of the cultures of other countries, and build a home of spirit shared by the whole Chinese nation. Our government needs to better carry out its responsibility for developing non-profit cultural programs and ensure that the people's basic demands are met and that their rights and interests are protected. We will give high priority to the primary, level, especially rural areas and the central and western regions in developing cultural infrastructure and allocating public cultural resources; make admission to more art galleries, libraries, cultural centers and museums free of charge; and enrich the people's intellectual and cultural lives. We will continue to reform the cultural management system, support non-profit cultural programs, develop the culture industry, encourage cultural innovation, foster leading cultural enterprises, and produce more healthy and inspirational cultural works to meet the diverse cultural needs of our people. We will promote the development of philosophy, the social sciences, radio, television, film, the press, publishing, and archives; make literary and artistic creation fiourish; and strengthen the protection of our cultural heritage. We will vigorously develop cultural exchanges with foreign countries, and make Chinese culture more infiuential internationally. We will energetically develop recreational sports, launch an extensive exercise campaign for the general public, and improve the people's health. The Chinese nation can not only create economic miracles but also make brilliant new cultural achievements.

(六)着力保障和改善民生,促进社会和谐进步

6. Vigorously ensuring and improving people's wellbeing, and promoting social harmony and progress

改善民生是经济发展的根本目的。只有着力保障和改善民生,经济发展才有持久的动力,社会进步才有牢固的基础,国家才能长治久安。

Improving people's wellbeing is the fundamental goal of economic development. We can ensure that there is sustained impetus for economic development, a solid foundation for social progress, and lasting stability for the country only by working hard to ensure and improve people's wellbeing.

千方百计扩大就业。这是保障和改善民生的头等大事。今年就业形势依然严峻,工作上不能有丝毫松懈。要继续实施积极的就业政策。中央财政拟投入433亿元用于促进就业。重点做好高校毕业生、农民工、就业困难人员就业和退伍转业军人就业安置工作。2009年到期的“五缓四减三补贴”就业扶持政策延长一年。加强政策支持和就业指导,鼓励高校毕业生到城乡基层、中西部地区和中小企业就业;拓宽就业、择业、创业渠道,鼓励自主创业、自谋职业等多种形式的灵活就业,以创业带动就业。建立健全公共投资带动就业的机制。继续加强职业技能培训,重点提高农民工和城乡新增劳动力的就业能力。完善就业服务体系,健全劳动力输出输入地区协调协作机制,引导劳动力特别是农民工有序流动。加快建立统一规范的人力资源市场。维护劳动者合法权益,构建和谐的劳动关系。我们要通过持之以恒的努力,创造更多的就业机会,让广大劳动者各尽所能、各得其所。

We will do everything in our power to increase employment. This is the top priority in our work of ensuring and improving people's wellbeing. This year the employment situation will still be serious, and we cannot slacken our efforts in the slightest. We need to continue to implement a proactive employment policy. The central government will allocate 43.3 billion yuan to stimulate employment. Emphasis will be given to helping college graduates, rural migrant workers, people experiencing employment difficulty, and demobilized military personnel find jobs. The "five-four-three" employment support policies, originally scheduled to expire in 2009, will be extended for another year. [These policies allow qualified enterprises to postpone their payments of five types of social security contributions; reduce urban workers' contributions to four types of insurance funds, namely medical insurance, unemployment insurance, workers' compensation, and maternity insurance; and continue three types of subsidized, enterprise-based job training programs. Tr.] We will increase policy support and employment guidance to encourage college graduates to take community-level jobs in urban and rural areas, and jobs in the central and western regions and in small and medium-sized enterprises. We will expand channels for seeking employment and starting businesses. We will encourage different forms of fiexible employment, including starting businesses and finding jobs independently. We will also encourage job growth through the creation of new businesses. We will establish a sound mechanism for stimulating employment through public investment. We will continue to strengthen vocational training, with the focus on increasing the employability of rural migrant workers and new members of the workforce in urban and rural areas. We will improve the employment services system, strengthen coordination and cooperation between labor-exporting and labor-importing regions, and guide workers in an orderly fiow, especially rural migrant workers. We will accelerate the development of a unified and standardized human resources market. We will safeguard the lawful rights and interests of workers and establish harmonious labor relations. We will work tirelessly to create more job opportunities and to enable workers to tap their full potential and find suitable jobs.

加快完善覆盖城乡居民的社会保障体系。扎实推进新型农村社会养老保险试点,试点范围扩大到23%的县。加快解决未参保集体企业退休人员基本养老保障等遗留问题。将全国130万“老工伤”人员全部纳入工伤保险范围。积极推进农民工参加社会保险。加强城乡低保工作,切实做到动态管理、应保尽保。加强残疾人社会保障和服务体系建设,进一步落实好扶残助残的各项政策,为他们平等参与社会生活创造更好的环境。企业退休人员基本养老金今年再提高10%。各级政府要进一步增加社会保障投入,中央财政拟安排3185亿元。要多渠道增加全国社会保障基金,加强监管,实现保值增值。我们要加快构建更加完善的社会保障安全网,使人民生活有基本保障、无后顾之忧。

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