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经济学人:山林地区股东的势均力敌之争

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Business.

商业。
German business.
德国商业。
Screwdrivers drawn.
拉锯战。
A shareholder stand-off in the Black Forest.
山林地区股东的势均力敌之争。
IF YOU have ever struggled to assemble a flat-pack wardrobe, the chances are that its wooden pieces were cut, drilled and finished on machines made by Homag. Founded in 1960 in Schopfloch, in the Black Forest, Homag is one of those little-known world champions that are the backbone of the German economy.
如果你组装过组合式衣柜,这些木质零部件可能是由豪迈公司机械化切割、钻孔及加工润饰的。位于德国山林区绍普夫洛赫的豪迈公司成立于1960年。德国有许多低知名度的世界顶级公司,他们是德国经济的脊梁,而豪迈公司正是其中的一员。
But not all is well in Schopfloch. Gerhard Schuler, one of its founders, now a sprightly 85, is at war with Deutsche Beteiligungs AG (DBAG), a private-equity firm that was once his dream partner. After buying into the company in 1997 DBAG built up a stake of 60%. When Homag was floated on the stockmarket in 2007 it kept 33% and Mr Schuler stayed on as honorary chairman with a small stake. But business dipped in 2008 and the shares plunged. Mr Schuler and his supporters, worried about the direction the company was taking, started buying. They built a blocking minority of 25.01%.
但是绍普夫洛赫并非一切安好。豪迈公司创建者之一,现年85岁活跃的Gerhard Schuler先生正在与德意志参股上市公司 (DBAG)处于争斗之中。DBAG是一家私人股权公司,曾经是Schuler先生理想中的合作伙伴。1997年,DBAG通过入股豪迈公司而拥有其60%的股份。当2007年豪迈公司股票大涨时,DBAG持有33%的股份,同时,Schuler先生持有少量股份并担任豪迈公司的名誉主席。但在2008年发生了经济下滑和股票缩水,Schuler先生及其支持者由于担心公司的经营方向开始购买股权。最终他们持有具有否决权的25.01%的少数股权。
That did not stop DBAG kicking Mr Schuler's three appointees off Homag's supervisory board two years ago and replacing them with people who were "more internationally minded". Since then, the two sides have been at screwdrivers drawn.
这并没有阻止DBAG在两年前将三位Schuler的任命人踢出豪迈监事会,并重新委任了更具有全球视野的人。自那时起,双方便陷入拉锯战之中。
At a stormy shareholders' meeting last month things came to a head. Mr Schuler and his allies accused DBAG of being a "locust" interested only in short-term profit, and of selling out to a foreign buyer. Local staff want Achim Gauss, Homag's long-standing technical director, who resigned abruptly "for personal reasons" on May 23rd, to be reinstated. IKEA, a Swedish furniture chain and Homag's biggest customer, also expressed concern at Mr Gauss's departure.
在上月召开的激烈的股东会议中,问题逐渐变得突出。Schuler一方指责DBAG只关注短期利益,并向外国买家出售股份。豪迈的全体职工希望Achim Gauss复职,他是豪迈资深技术主管,于5月23日突然宣布"因个人原因"辞职。豪迈最大的客户,瑞典连锁家具企业IKEA也表示了对Gauss离职的关注。
DBAG, one of Germany's oldest private-equity firms, is not obviously locust-like. Its executives insist it is there for the long term. However, Homag is DBAG's biggest investment and its shares have not performed well. Half of DBAG's stake is owned by two of its investment funds, one of which is scheduled to wind up this year. So a partial exit would be logical. There is no reason for a forced sale, says a DBAG source: that would weaken DBAG's influence. Meanwhile, Mr Schuler's crowd are looking for a white knight.
作为德国历史最悠久的私人股权公司,DBAG明显不是目光短浅,它的执行官坚称DBAG有长期规划。然而,豪迈是DBAG最大的投资项目,并且豪迈在股市的表现欠佳。DBAG的一半股份由它的两个投资基金拥有,其中之一正计划着今年撤出,因此不完全的退出是有合理的。据来自DBAG的消息称,我们没有原因进行被迫交易,这将削弱DBAG的影响力。与此同时,Schuler一方正在寻找救世主。
More happily, Homag's business is on the rebound. Last year's turnover of £800m ($1.1 billion) was near the pre-crisis peak, and the closing of three German subsidiaries should cut costs. Gordon Sch?nell of Bankhaus Lampe, a private bank, says that "the managers are doing the right things." But for Mr Schuler the shift from family firm to shareholder capitalism has gone too far.
令人高兴的是,豪迈的经营状况正在好转。去年它的营业总额达到8亿欧元(11亿美元),接近经济危机前的最高值,而且关闭三家德国下属公司可以削减部分成本。私有银行Gordon Sch?nell of Bankhaus Lampe宣称豪迈管理者正在做正确的事情。但是对Schuler来说,从家族企业向股份资本企业的转变已是渐行渐远。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
partner ['pɑ:tnə]

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n. 搭档,伙伴,合伙人
v. 同 ... 合

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minority [mai'nɔ:riti]

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n. 少数,少数民族,未成年

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partial ['pɑ:ʃəl]

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adj. 部分的,偏袒的,偏爱的
n. 泛音

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departure [di'pɑ:tʃə]

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n. 离开,出发,分歧

 
weaken ['wi:kən]

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v. 使 ... 弱,变弱,弄淡

 
knight [nait]

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n. 骑士,爵士,武士 vt. 授以爵位

 
logical ['lɔdʒikəl]

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adj. 符合逻辑的,逻辑上的,有推理能力的

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abruptly [ə'brʌptli]

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adv. 突然地,莽撞地,陡峭地,不连贯地

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stake [steik]

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n. 桩,赌注,利害关系
v. 下注,用桩支撑

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wardrobe ['wɔ:drəub]

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n. 衣柜,衣橱
n. 全部服装

 


关键字: 股东 山林

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