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新GRE阅读备考长难句实例解析 第16期

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  1. Historians such as Le Roy Ladurie have used the documents to extract case histories, which have illuminated the attitudes of different social groups (these attitudes include,but are not  confined to,attitudes toward crime and the law)and have revealed how the authorities administered justice. (3+

  难句类型:复杂修饰、插入语

  译文:象勒罗伊。拉迪里(Le Roy Ladurie)一类的史学家利用这些文献史料从中挖掘出某些个案史(case history)来,阐明了不同社会群体的态度(这些态度包括,但并非局限于,对犯罪和法律的态度),并揭示出当局是如何执行审判的。

  解释:逗号以后的内容都是修饰逗号以前的case history的。在which引导的非限定性定语从句中有一个插入语(these attitudees includee, but are not confined to, attitudees toward crime and the law),我们可以看到这个插入语中又套了一个插入语but not confined to.

  意群训练:Historians such as Le Roy Ladurie have used the documents to extract case histories, which have illuminated the attitudes of different social groups (these attitudes include,but are not  confined to,attitudes toward crime and the law)and have revealed how the authorities administered justice.

  2. It can be inferred from the passage that a historian who wished to compare crime rates per thousand in a European city in one decade of the fifteenth century with crime rates in another decade of that century would probably be most aided by better information about which of the following? (5)

  难句类型:复杂修饰

  译文:从文章中可以推断出来,一个希望比较十五世纪以前一个十年的某个欧洲城市中的每千人的犯罪率与另外一个十年中的犯罪率的历史学家将会被以下那种信息的提高所最好的帮助?

  解释:句首的it是形式主语,其具体内容是从that开始到句子结束的全部内容。That从句中,主语a historyian之后修饰它的超长的定语从句是这个句子难以读懂的原因。Compare crime rates with crime rates中间被修饰第一个crime rates的两个修饰成分perthousand in a European city in one decade of the fifteenth century分隔得很远。在with之后的第二个crime rates后面,省略了与前面重复的per thousand in a European city.

  意群训练:It can be inferred from the passage that a historian who wished to compare crime rates per thousand in a European city in one decade of the fifteenth century with crime rates in another decade of that century would probably be most aided by better information about which of the following?

  尽管新gre单词量减少,取消了“类反”但是难度并没有减少,这更要求考生在新gre阅读考试中增强逻辑推理能力。虽然逻辑推理能力的考察对我们国内考生来说有点难度,只要保持好心态就能更好地去理解长难句在gre阅读考试句子类型。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
social ['səuʃəl]

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adj. 社会的,社交的
n. 社交聚会

 
decade ['dekeid]

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n. 十年

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confined [kən'faind]

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adj. 幽禁的;狭窄的;有限制的;在分娩中的 v. 限

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extract ['ekstrækt,iks'trækt]

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n. 榨出物,精华,摘录
vt. 拔出,榨出,

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