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异物进入眼睛 几个步骤谨慎处理

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Having a small foreign object in the eye is not life threatening, though it can cause an immense amount of discomfort. Follow these steps to flush the eye clear.

小小的异物进入眼睛不会威胁生命,却会导致极大的不适。遵循以下建议,将眼睛冲洗干净。

Step 1 Wash hands

1.洗手

Wash your hands thoroughly, and find a well-lit area where you can examine the eye. If you're examining your own eye, find a mirror as well.

彻底洗手,找一个光线较好,可以检查眼睛的地方。如果你是自我检查,找一面镜子。

Do not touch, press, or rub the eye -- or try to pull out an object that's lodged in the eye with your fingers or tweezers.That could cause further irritation and make the injury worse.

不要触摸,按压,用力擦眼睛,或者试图用手指或镊子拔出进入眼睛的异物。否则会造成进一步的刺激,使情况更加严重。

Step 2 Examine eye

2.检查眼睛

Carefully examine the eye by pulling the lower lid down while the person looks up. Then have them look down as you raise the upper lid.

把下眼睑向下拉,眼睛向上看,认真检查眼睛。然后把上眼睑向上拉,眼睛向下看。

Step 3 Flush the eye

3.冲洗眼睛

Thoroughly rinse an eyecup or a small glass. Fill it halfway with lukewarm water or saline solution. Press the rim tightly around the eye to prevent spilling, then tilt the head back, flushing the eye while the person blinks a few times and rolls their eye around.

彻底清洗一个洗眼杯或一个小杯子。装半杯温水或盐水。把边缘紧紧地扣在眼睛上,以防水溢出来。然后将头部向后倾,冲洗眼睛,眨几次眼睛,转动眼球。

Don't use regular eyedrops, like those containing tetrahydrozoline hydrochloride, to flush the eye.

不要使用普通的眼药水来冲洗眼睛,例如含有四氢萘咪唑啉成分的眼药水。

Step 4 Flush several times

4.冲洗几次

If the foreign object doesn't wash away, flush a few more times, rinsing the eyecup with clean water after each use.

如果仍然没有将异物冲走,多冲洗几次,每次使用后用清水将洗眼杯冲洗干净。

If it doesn't cause too much distress, stretch the upper eyelid over the lower eyelid, allowing the lashes of the lower eyelid to brush away any object caught beneath the upper lid.

如果没有造成太多痛苦的话,将上眼睑拉伸到下眼睑上方,让下眼睑的睫毛刷掉任何藏在上眼睑下的异物。

Step 5 Seek medical attention

5.寻求医疗救助

If irritation persists, stop flushing and seek medical attention. The person may have suffered a corneal abrasion.

如果刺激物仍然没有出来,停止冲洗,寻求医疗救助。你的角膜可能被磨损了。

Sometimes a scratch on the surface of the eye gives the sensation of something in the eye when in fact nothing is there.

有时抓到眼睛表面也会让你产生眼中有异物的感觉,实际上什么都没有。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
tilt [tilt]

想一想再看

vt. (使)倾斜
vi. 抨击,争论

 
flush [flʌʃ]

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v. 奔流,发红,冲洗,迅速流过
n. 脸红,

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prevent [pri'vent]

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v. 预防,防止

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sensation [sen'seiʃən]

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n. 感觉,感知力,激动,轰动

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threatening ['θretniŋ]

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adj. 威胁(性)的,凶兆的 动词threaten的现

 
stretch [stretʃ]

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n. 伸展,张开
adj. 可伸缩的

 
distress [dis'tres]

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n. 痛苦,苦恼,不幸
vt. 使痛苦,使苦恼

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abrasion [ə'breiʒən]

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n. 磨减,磨损,磨损之处

 
irritation [.iri'teiʃən]

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n. 刺激,烦恼,刺激物

 
lid [lid]

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n. 盖,眼睑
vt. 给 ... 装盖子

 


关键字: 异物 眼睛 谨慎 处理

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