手机APP下载

您现在的位置: 首页 > 英语听力 > 国外媒体资讯 > 经济学人双语版 > 经济学人商业系列 > 正文

经济学人:美国的企业管治 逐渐升温

来源:经济学人 编辑:mike   VIP免费外教试听课 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet
 下载MP3到电脑  批量下载MP3和LRC到手机
加载中..

Business

商业报道
Corporate governance in America
美国的企业管治
Heating up
逐渐升温
Shareholders are ever more willing to vote against management
股东永远愿意对管理者投反对票
TWENTY years ago Bob Monks bought an ad in the Wall Street Journal declaring members of the board of Sears, to which he hoped to be elected,non-performing assets.
20年前,鲍勃.蒙克斯在华尔街日报刊登了一则广告,宣称西尔斯百货的董事会成员是不良资产, 在此之前,他渴望被选中的成为其中之一,可惜没有。
Nowadays, shareholder activists just create a website.
现今,股东维权主义者只需创建一个网站即可。

On April 2nd Dan Loeb, a hedge-fund boss, launched valueyahoo.com, which brims with proposals for reviving the struggling web firm.

4月2号,一个对冲基金的老板丹·勒布,建立一个valueyahoo.com网站,公布了各种拯救雅虎这不景气网络公司的方案。
Mr Loeb is trying to get himself elected to Yahoo!'s board against the wishes of its managers—a fight that could be the highlight of the annual corporate proxy season that is getting under way.
勒布先生正尝试违背公司管理层的意愿,令自己被选进雅虎的董事会。一场可能成为公司年度股东大会期间的焦点战争正准备打响。
He may win the shareholder vote, if Yahoo! does not strike a deal with him first.
一旦雅虎没有预先和他达成协议,他可能赢得股东们的选票。
Several hedge funds are urging shareholders to give boards a good kicking.
几个对冲基金正说服股东们给董事会一个下马威。
Starboard Value has nominated five candidates to the board of AOL, another ailing web firm.
Starboard Value已经给另一间衰落的网络公司—美国在线的董事会里提名了五名候选人。
On April 2nd Pershing Square added a seventh candidate to the alternative slate of directors it has nominated to the board of Canadian Pacific Railway.
4月2号,波欣广场在已经提命的加拿大太平洋铁路公司董事会候选人中增加第七位候选人作为董事的替代人。
Shareholder activism isgetting back to normal after the financial crisis of 2008, says Peter Harkins of D.F. King, a firm that advises participants in proxy contests.
股东激进主义在2008年经济危机后现正回归到正常。D.F. King的皮得.哈更斯说,D.F. King是一间为代理权争夺的参与者提供咨询的公司。
It is not just hedge funds that are flexing their shareholderly muscles. Pension funds are at it, too.
不仅仅是对冲基金显示了他们的股东权力。
On March 27th it was reported that Goldman Sachs had made peace with the pension fund of the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees,
养老基金同样如此。在3月27号,据报道,高盛投资公司与美国养老基金会以及美国工会达成协议,
which had proposed a resolution to split the roles of chief executive and chairman, both of which are held by Lloyd Blankfein.
工会在为分离首席执行官与董事会提出了解决方案,而此前两个职位都是由贝兰克梵担任的。
The bank convinced AFSCME to withdraw its proposal by agreeing to appoint alead director to keep Mr Blankfein in check.
高盛银行同意任命一个首席董事以限制贝兰克梵,以此说服美国工会会撤销它的方案。
The union has made similar proposals at several firms, including JPMorgan Chase, whose boss AFSCME's president calls themost dangerous man in America.
该联合会在几间公司都采用了类似的方法,包括JP摩根大通—美国工会主席称他们的老板为美国最危险的男人。
Rupert Murdoch, the embattled chairman and chief executive of News Corporation, will face a motion that he surrender his chairmanship to someone independent.
鲁伯特.默多克,一个新闻公司备受争议的董事会主席兼首席执行官,将面临一项移交他的主席身份给某个独立人的变动。
Two other issues are expected to attract scrutiny from shareholders this year.
另外两个问题今年将有望得到股东们的严格审查。
One is bosses' pay.
一个是领导者的工资。
Investors will showa little more backbone in curbing it,having rather fluffed it last year,
投资者将在处理这一问题上显示更大的决心,去年已经付出了很多,
predicts Anne Simpson, who oversees the corporate-governance activities of CalPERS, a giant pension fund for California's public employees.
辛普森组织认为,该组织负责监督加州公务员基金—这一巨型的加利福尼亚公务员的养老基金的管理活动。
Many boards struggled to win 70% support for pay packages last year, the first time such votes were required.
许多董事会通过抗争,去年在薪酬福利当面赢得了约70%支持,第一次被要求进行这样的投票。
This year, several could lose the vote unless they have linked pay more explicitly to performance, reckons Paul Hodgson of GMI Ratings, a firm that measures corporate governance.
今年,一些董事会可能会失去票数,除非他们把工资与绩效明确地挂钩起来。GMI评级机构的保罗-霍奇森这样指出,GMI是一间评估公司治理的公司。
Perhaps the most contentious resolutions will be those demanding that firms be more transparent about their political spending,
可能最有争议的解决方案是那些要求公司在关于政治方面的花费更加透明,
and requiring boards to ensure that this money is used in the interests of shareholders, not managers.
且同时要求董事会确保这些钱被用到符合股东的利益上而不是管理层。
This effort is being fiercely resisted.
这一方案被强烈地抵制。
The US Chamber of Commerce argues that these resolutions, which mostly come from shareholders who are also trade unions or social activists, are not in the best interests of the firms concerned.
美国商会认为这些解决方案,大多数是由来自工会或者是社会活动家的股东们提出,方案并不符合公司所关注的最大利益。
Jim Copland of the Manhattan Institute, a think-tank, says thatsome of these proposals may serve primarily to chill corporate political speech broadly,
一个曼哈顿研究所的智囊团,吉姆.科普兰认为其中的一些建议中的可能主要是为广泛地冻结公司政治性言论,
including on issues that most diversified shareholders—as distinguished from the proposals' sponsors—might prefer that the corporation's views be heard.
其中包括关于股东多样化的问题,有别于建议赞助商,这些股东们可能更喜欢公司的意见被听到。
Well, maybe. But, as with the other issues on the proxy this year, that is for shareholders to decide.
也许是这样。但就像今年董事会中的其他问题一样,这都将由股东们去决定。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
withdraw [wið'drɔ:]

想一想再看

vt. 撤回,取回,撤退
vi. 退回,撤退,

联想记忆
resolution [.rezə'lu:ʃən]

想一想再看

n. 决心,决定,坚决,决议,解决,分辨率

联想记忆
contentious [kən'tenʃəs]

想一想再看

adj. 好辩的,好争吵的,有争议的

 
highlight ['hailait]

想一想再看

n. 加亮区,精彩部分,最重要的细节或事件,闪光点

 
scrutiny ['skru:tini]

想一想再看

n. 周密的调查,细看,监视

 
corporation [.kɔ:pə'reiʃən]

想一想再看

n. 公司,法人,集团

联想记忆
proposal [prə'pəuzəl]

想一想再看

n. 求婚,提议,建议

联想记忆
check [tʃek]

想一想再看

n. 检查,支票,账单,制止,阻止物,检验标准,方格图案

联想记忆
concerned [kən'sə:nd]

想一想再看

adj. 担忧的,关心的

 
willing ['wiliŋ]

想一想再看

adj. 愿意的,心甘情愿的

 

发布评论我来说2句

    英语学习专题

    • 英语听写训练
      听写强化训练系统有听写比对,按句停顿,中文翻译、听写错词提示等特色功能.
    • 经济学人中英双语版
      提供经济学人中英双语版文章、音频、中英字幕,类别包括文艺、人物、科技、商业等..
    • 可可英语微信:ikekenet
      关注可可英语官方微信,每天将会向大家推送短小精悍的英语学习资料..

    可可英语官方微信(微信号:ikekenet)

    每天向大家推送短小精悍的英语学习资料.

    添加方式1.扫描上方可可官方微信二维码。
    添加方式2.搜索微信号ikekenet添加即可。