手机APP下载

您现在的位置: 首页 > 托福 > 托福听力 > 托福TPO真题听写 > 正文

托福TPO-24 Lecture 1

来源:可可英语 编辑:mike   VIP免费外教试听课 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet
 下载MP3到电脑  批量下载MP3和LRC到手机
加载中..

Narrator:Listen to part of a lecture in a Biology class.

独白:听下面一段生物课课堂上的讲解。
Professor:OK. For today, let's look at a reptile, a predator that hasn't evolved much in the last seventy million years.
教授:好的,今天,我们来讲一种爬行动物,这种食肉动物在过去的七千万年中都没有太大的进化。
No discussion of reptiles would be complete without some mention of crocodiles.
提到爬行动物就一定会谈到鳄鱼。
Now, we tend to think of crocodiles as, uh, kind of solitary, hiding out in a swamp, uh, kind of mysterious creatures.
现在我们通常认为鳄鱼是一种孤僻的动物,他们隐藏在沼泽中,令人感觉十分神秘。
But we are finding out that they aren't as isolated as they seem.
但是我们发现鳄鱼并不像大家想象的那样孤僻。
In fact, crocodiles interact with each other in a variety of ways.
实际上,鳄鱼之间的互动方式多种多样。
One way is with vocalizations, you know, sounds generated by the animal.
其中一种就是发声法,也就是动物发出的声音。
This is true of the whole crocodile family, which includes crocodiles themselves, alligators, etc.
整个鳄鱼族类都是如此,包括短吻鳄。
Take American alligators.
例如美洲鳄。
If you were to go to a swamp during the breeding season, you'd hear a chorus of sounds, deep grunts, hisses, these are sounds that male alligators make.
如果在繁殖季的沼泽中,你就会听到各种声音此起彼伏,低沉的咕噜声,嘶嘶声,这些声音都是雄鳄鱼发出的。
And some of them are powerful enough to make the water vibrate.
而有的声音大到可以引起水的震动。
This sends a strong, go-away message to the other males.
可以向其他雄性发出走开的信号。
So the alligator can focus on sending other sound waves through the water, sound waves that you and I couldn't even hear since they are at such low frequency.
这样它就可以专注的通过水来发出其他的声波,而由于这种声波的频率很低,我们大家都无法听到。
But they do reach the female alligator, who then goes to find and mate with the male.
但是雌鳄鱼可以接收到这种声音,找到并与雄鳄鱼交配。
Vocalization is um...well, it is used for other reasons, like getting attention or just, um... letting others know you are distressed.
发声法也用在其他的季节,比如说引起注意,或者只是让其他鳄鱼知道他们很忧虑。
Let's see. New-born crocodiles, or hatchlings and their interactions with their mothers.
比如说,新生的鳄鱼或刚孵出的小鳄鱼与母鳄鱼之间的沟通。
When they are born, croc... baby crocodiles have a sort of muffled cry while they are in their nest.
当小鳄鱼刚出生的时候,他们会在巢穴中发出一种压抑的声音。
Hatchlings are really vulnerable, especially to birds and small mammals when they are born.
刚孵化的小鳄鱼十分脆弱,尤其是面临鸟类和小型的哺乳动物的威胁。
But their mother, who has been keeping vigil nearby, hears their cry for help and carries them to safety, meaning, to water.
但是他们的妈妈在附近守夜,听到他们的叫声后,就会将他们转移到安全的地方,也就是水中。
So she takes them out of the nest.
她将他们从巢中带出。
Uh, uh, all the eggs hatched at once, so she has about forty newborns to look after.
卵是一起孵化的,所以母鳄鱼要照顾 40 只刚刚出生的小鳄鱼。
Well, she takes about fifteen out of the nest at a time, carrying them in her mouth to the nearby water.
她一次可以转移 15 只,将小鳄鱼放在她的嘴里带到附近的水中。
While she is taking one load of hatchlings, the others wait for her to come back.
当她将第一批新孵化的小鳄鱼送到水里是,其他的小鳄鱼就等待着她回来。
But do you think they are quiet about it?
但是你想他们会安静的等着妈妈回来吗?
No way. They are clamoring for the mother's attention, sort of squeaking and practically saying-don't forget about me!
当然不会。他们大叫着引起妈妈的注意,尖叫着就像是说别忘了还有我呢。
I heard some great examples of this on the television program on crocodiles last week.
上个星期我在电视上的一个有关鳄鱼的节目上看到了不少这样的例子。
Anyone catched it? It had a few interesting bits.
大家看到了吗?里面有几段非常有意思的画面。
But you know, uh, you have to be careful, think critically.
但是你看节目的时候要仔细,抱着审视的态度。
Sometimes I don't know where these shows find their experts.
有时候我真不知道他们是从哪里请的专家。
Student:Excuse me. But, um... does all that crying defeat the purpose?
学生:不好意思。那他们的叫声总能起到保护他们的作用吗?
I mean, doesn't it attract more predators?
我是说,难道他们的叫声不会引起其他食肉动物的注意吗?
Professor:Hmm...good question.
教授:嗯,问得好。
I guess, well, I am guessing that once the babies have the mother's attention, they are safe.
我想如果小鳄鱼引起了母鳄鱼的注意,他们就是安全的。
She's never too far away, and, and I think...I mean, would you mess with a mother crocodile?
母鳄鱼不会离开太远的。我想,你会去惹一只母鳄鱼吗?
So after the mother transports all the youngsters, they still call to each other, and to their mother.
当母鳄鱼将小鳄鱼都转移完毕,他们还会继续叫嚷,跟其他的小鳄鱼还有他们的妈妈。
This communication continues right through to adulthood.
这种交流一直会持续到他们成年后。
Crocodiles have about eighteen different sounds that they can make.
鳄鱼能够发出 18 种不同的声音。
There's...um...um... you have deep grunting sounds, hisses, growls, are many different sounds to interact or send messages.
有低沉的咕噜声,嘶嘶声,咆哮声,还有许多不同的声音来交流或传递信息。
This is more typical of mammals than of reptiles.
相比爬行动物,哺乳动物的声音交流更具代表性。
I mean, crocodiles' brains are the most developed of any reptile.
我的意思是,在爬行动物中鳄鱼的大脑是最发达的。
In that sense, they are closer to mammals' brains than other reptiles' brains.
在某种程度上,他们的大脑比其他爬行动物更接近哺乳动物。
And we know that mammals, dogs for example, dogs vocalize many different sounds.
而据我们所知,哺乳动物,比如说狗,能发出许多种不同的声音。
Crocodiles have a similar level of, uh, vocal sophistication, if you will, which makes them unique among reptiles.
而鳄鱼的发声相对复杂,这使它在爬行动物中十分独特。
Another thing would be, um, if a hatchling gets separated from the rest of its family, once the others get far enough away, its survival instinct kicks in.
还有一种情况,如果一只新生的鳄鱼离开了它家族的巢穴,一旦达到一定距离,它的生存本能就会发挥出来。
It will make a loud distress call, which its siblings answer. It calls again.
它会发出很大的悲痛的叫声,如果它的兄弟姐妹听到了就会回应他,它就会继续叫。
And they continue calling back and forth until they all find each other again.
它们会来回叫直到它们找到对方。
Another thing, something that wasn't on that TV show I mentioned.
还有另一种情况,是我提到的电视节目中没有提到的。
Um...mother crocodiles lead their young from one area to another, like when they have to find a different source of water.
当母鳄鱼带领小鳄鱼从一个地方转移到另一个地方,比如说它们要寻找另一处水源。
Usually she will lead them at night, when it is safer for them, moving ahead and then letting out calls of reassurance so that they will follow her.
通常它们会在夜里行动,因为这时相对比较安全。母鳄鱼在前面领路并发出叫声以确认小鳄鱼是否跟着她。
Her voice helps give the babies the courage they need to leave the area and go some place that's a more desirable home for them.
她的声音会鼓励小鳄鱼,让它们得到离开这个区域的勇气,出发去其他更适合他们生存的地方。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
frequency ['fri:kwənsi]

想一想再看

n. 频繁,频率

 
variety [və'raiəti]

想一想再看

n. 多样,种类,杂耍

 
mysterious [mis'tiəriəs]

想一想再看

adj. 神秘的,不可思议的

联想记忆
typical ['tipikəl]

想一想再看

adj. 典型的,有代表性的,特有的,独特的

 
predator ['predətə]

想一想再看

n. 食肉动物,掠夺者

联想记忆
solitary ['sɔlitəri]

想一想再看

adj. 孤独的,独立的,单个的,唯一的,荒凉的

联想记忆
vulnerable ['vʌlnərəbl]

想一想再看

adj. 易受伤害的,有弱点的

联想记忆
muffled

想一想再看

adj. 听不清的;蒙住的 v. 裹住;蒙住…的头;捂住

 
unique [ju:'ni:k]

想一想再看

adj. 独一无二的,独特的,稀罕的

联想记忆
defeat [di'fi:t]

想一想再看

n. 败北,挫败
vt. 战胜,击败

联想记忆

    阅读本文的人还阅读了:
  • 托福TPO-23 Lecture 4 2014-04-03
  • 托福TPO-24 Conversation 1 2014-04-08
  • 托福TPO-24 Lecture 2 2014-04-10
  • 托福TPO-24 Conversation 2 2014-04-14
  • 托福TPO-24 Lecture 3 2014-04-15
  • 新东方托福网络课程:试听更多托福网络课程>>

    关键字: 练习 训练 听写 托福 TPO

    发布评论我来说2句

      可可英语官方微信(微信号:ikekenet)

      每天向大家推送短小精悍的英语学习资料.

      添加方式1.扫描上方可可官方微信二维码。
      添加方式2.搜索微信号ikekenet添加即可。