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新编大学英语四级听力每日训练 第231期

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Passage One
As more and more people lose their jobs, now is perhaps the time to consider the experience of unemployment. [26]What are the first feelings? Well, losing a job, or not being able to find one, almost always brings unwelcome changes. [26]As well as the loss of income, many people find the whole routine of their life is shattered, their contact with other people reduced, their ambitions halted and their identity as a worker removed.
At first there may be good feelings too-a new and better job is just around the corner-it's nice to be able to lie in bed in the morning or spend more time with the children; have more time to think. [27]But, unless a better job does turn up, the chances are the days start getting longer and time becomes harder to fill. Many people pass through periods of difficulty in sleeping and eating. They feel irritable and depressed, often isolated and lonely.
[28]Despite all these problems though, unemployment can be a chance for a fresh start. You can discover that it provides an opportunity to sort out or rethink what you want from life and how best you can get it. You can use the time to plan how to find a new job, learn a new skill, develop your hobbies or see if you can run your own business.

答案解析:
Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.
26. What are the first feelings when one is jobless?
[A]解析:短文说:失去工作几乎总是会带来一些令人不快的变化。收入减少之外,许多人还发现整个生活常规全打乱了,与别人的接触减少,雄心受挫,还失去了工作者的身份。A正确。四个陈述句选项,各自的主语都不相同,选项的主要词汇也没有什么关联。由此可以推测的是,本题应该问细节而非主旨(主旨题各选项中的词语总会相互关联)。可以“听到什么选什么”。短文中的设问句What are the first feelings?之后出现了A中的原词,也属于在语义强调之处出题。
27. What do the unemployed feel before finding a new job?
[A]解析:短文中说到:但是如果不能找到一个更好的工作的话,日子可能会变得漫长,时间也变得更难以打发。由此选A。A、B、C三个选项说“时间”,D说“业余爱好”。A、B语义矛盾,B、C其实语义一致(等价)。由选项自身可以初步判断答案是A。But转折处出题。
28. What does the speaker try to tell us?
[C]解析:短文在前两个段落谈到失业的不良影响后,在第三段说“失业也是一个新的开始的机会”,该如何利用失业重新开始,故答案是C。A、B内容矛盾,各执一词,但太绝对化,故不能是答案。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
shattered ['ʃætəd]

想一想再看

adj. 破碎的;极度疲劳的 v. 打碎;削弱;使心烦意

 
routine [ru:'ti:n]

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n. 例行公事,常规,无聊
adj. 常规的,

联想记忆
identity [ai'dentiti]

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n. 身份,一致,特征

 
opportunity [.ɔpə'tju:niti]

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n. 机会,时机

 
irritable ['iritəbl]

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adj. 易怒的,急躁的 adj. 【医】过敏的,易感受

 
unemployment ['ʌnim'plɔimənt]

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n. 失业,失业人数

 
isolated ['aisəleitid]

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adj. 分离的,孤立的

 
depressed [di'prest]

想一想再看

adj. 沮丧的,降低的,不景气的,萧条的,凹陷的,扁平

联想记忆
unwelcome [ʌn'welkəm]

想一想再看

adj. 不受欢迎的 n. 冷淡

 

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