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新编大学英语四级听力每日训练 第304期

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Section B
Passage One
The water clock was an ancient clock. It could be used on cloudy days, at night, and indoors. Such clocks were probably first used in Egypt [26]about 2,000 B.C. They were also used for many years in Arabia, India, China, and all of Europe.
The simplest water clock needed just two parts-a small bowl and a large bowl. The small bowl had a tiny hole in the bottom; the large bowl was divided into equal parts, and marked by lines. [27]Water was poured into the small bowl, and it fell slowly down into the large bowl in tiny drops. Usually it took an hour for the water to rise from one line to the next in the large bowl.
A beautiful water clock was made in Persia over a thousand years ago. It was presented as a gift to the Emperor of France. This water clock could be heard as well as seen. The dial of the clock was made up of twelve doors, each representing an hour. [28]Every hour a door opened, and the proper number of metal balls dropped onto a thin brass plate to strike the hour. At twelve o'clock, twelve tiny horsemen came out and shut all the doors. This was probably one of the first striking clocks.

Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.
26. When was the first water clock probably made?
正确答案:A
解析:录音只提到一个年代,即“2,000 B.C.”,听到这个数字即可选出正确答案A(距今约4000年)。选项C(2000年以前)故意漏掉B.C.;而选项B(3000年以前)和D(1000年以前)是和文章完全不相关的数字,可排除。
27. What do we know about the structure of the simplest water clock?
正确答案:A
解析:短文提到,“把水倒进小碗,水就慢慢地滴落进大碗”,由此可推断出选项A(小碗在大碗的上方)正确。
28. What did the striking water clock use to strike hours?
正确答案:D
解析:原文提到,“每桶一个小时就打开一扇门,适当的金属球数落入一个薄黄铜盘报时”,可知正确选项是D(金属球)。


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