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新编大学英语四级听力每日训练 第307期

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Section C Compound Dictation
Throughout history the basic unit of almost every human society has been the family. Members of a family live together under the same roof, and they share the economic (36) ______ of life as well as its affectionate joys. It is the family that has (37) ______ responsibility for the important task of raising children to adulthood.
The family is not a uniform concept in all societies. In many places it is an (38) ______ group that includes uncles, aunts, (39) ______ and in-laws. The head of the family usually has considerable influence in arranging marriages, selecting careers and (40) ______ all the important moves and (41) ______ by any member of the family. (42) ______ where the society or the state does not give aid and where (43) ______ the responsibilities of the family are greater, (44) _______________________________________________________ .
In many other societies, including most industrialized ones, the "nuclear family" is the basic social unit. (45) _____________________________________________________________________ . Industrialization and urbanization create many specialized jobs which tend to scatter family members among different employers and thus to separate residences as soon as they become wage earners. (46) _______________________________________________________________ .

重点单词   查看全部解释    
considerable [kən'sidərəbl]

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adj. 相当大的,可观的,重要的

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consequently ['kɔnsikwəntli]

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adv. 所以,因此

 
separate ['sepəreit]

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n. 分开,抽印本
adj. 分开的,各自的,

 
primary ['praiməri]

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adj. 主要的,初期的,根本的,初等教育的

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extended [iks'tendid]

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adj. 延续的,广大的,扩大范围的 动词extend的

 
industrialization [in.dʌstriəlai'zeiʃən]

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n. 工业化

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concept ['kɔnsept]

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n. 概念,观念

 
compound ['kɔmpaund]

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n. 混合物,复合词
n. 院子(用围墙圈起来

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extend [iks'tend]

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v. 扩充,延伸,伸展,扩展

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uniform ['ju:nifɔ:m]

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n. 制服
adj. 一致的,统一的

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