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托福TPO-26 Lecture 5(上)

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Listen to part of a lecture in an art conservation class.

听一段艺术保护课程。

So far we have been talking all semester about restoring and preserving pieces of art, like ancient frescoes, early oil paintings, etc.

直到现在为止,我们整个学期讲的都是修复和保护艺术作品,像古代壁画,早期的油画等等。

But although our field is called art conservation, it also involves… what?

但尽管我们研究的领域是叫“艺术保护”,其中还包括了……什么?

Um...preserving other types of cultural materials too.

保护其它种类的文化资料。

Very good. Not just art. Old artifacts are very valuable when they represent early technologies, all contain important historical information.

很好。不只是艺术。古器物是非常珍贵的,它们代表早期科技,其中都含有重要的历史信息。

艺术保护课程.png

In fact, let me give you an example.

让我举个例子。

You've heard about the Greek scholar, Archimedes, who lived more than 2000 years ago, I am sure.

你们都听说过古希腊学者阿基米德,他生活在两千多年前,我很确定。

Archimedes was a great mathematician.

阿基米德是一位伟大的数学家。

For example, he discovered the formula for the volume of a sphere.

举个例子,他发现了计算球体容量的等式。

Not much of his work has survived, but what has survived is brilliant.

他的作品没有多少能留存下来,但留下来的都非常棒。

And then in 1906, a palimpsest of Archimedes' writing was discovered.

然后,在1906年,人们发现了一份有阿基米德笔迹的重写本。

Now, a palimpsest is a type of manuscript that contains writing that's hidden because something else was written over it later.

重写本是一种手稿,其中包含了隐藏的笔迹,因为在此之后有别的东西写在上面了。

I'll explain in a minute.

我过一会儿会解释。

This Archimedes palimpsest, as it's now called, is by far the most important palimpsest anyone has ever seen, because it contains the only known existing copy of Archimedes' treatise, called Method.

这份现在所谓的“阿基米德重写本”,是至今为止人们见过最重要的重写本,因为其中包含了人们所知的唯一一份阿基米德著作,《阿基米德方法》。

Archimedes shows in it how math can be applied to physics and physical reasoning back to math problems, which is how he calculated the volume of a sphere, for example.

阿基米德向人们展示了怎样将数学应用于物理,而物理推理怎样反过来运用于数学问题,他计算出球体容量就是一个例子。

This maybe commonplace today, but was revolutionary in his time.

现在看来是很平常的事,但在当时是具有革命性的。

A few years ago, the palimpsest was sold at an auction for two million dollars.

几年前,在一场拍卖会上,重写本以两百万美元售出。

It could have ended up tucked away in a private collection, but fortunately, the collector who bought it has agreed to have experts restore every single word Archimedes wrote, so the contents can be shared with the world and studied.

本来它可能会变成私人收藏里妥善保管的一份藏品,但幸运的是,买下它的收藏家同意让专家来修复阿基米德写的每一个字,那么重写本的内容就能与全世界分享,供人们研究了。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
collector [kə'lektə]

想一想再看

n. 收集家,收税员

 
contain [kən'tein]

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vt. 包含,容纳,克制,抑制
vi. 自制

联想记忆
calculated ['kælkjuleitid]

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adj. 计算出的;适合的;有计划的 v. 计算;估计;

 
restore [ri'stɔ:]

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vt. 恢复,修复,使复原

 
collection [kə'lekʃən]

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n. 收集,收取,聚集,收藏品,募捐

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valuable ['væljuəbl]

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adj. 贵重的,有价值的
n. (pl.)贵

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brilliant ['briljənt]

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adj. 卓越的,光辉的,灿烂的
n. 宝石

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formula ['fɔ:mjulə]

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n. 公式,配方,规则;代乳品
adj. (赛

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revolutionary [.revə'lu:ʃənəri]

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adj. 革命的
n. 革命者

 
manuscript ['mænjuskript]

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adj. 手抄的
n. 手稿,原稿

联想记忆

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