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托福TPO-26 Lecture 5(中)

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But there are two main problems. What do you think the first one might be? Jennifer?

但有两个主要的问题。你觉得第一个是什么呢?詹妮弗?

Um…well, it sounds like it's extremely old, so probably some pages are at the point of crumbling into dust.

听上去这个本子很旧了,很可能某些纸页马上就要化成尘土了。

True. And some are moldy, and some were eaten away, er, by bookworms.

对。有些还发霉了,有些已经被蛀书虫啃掉了。

This thing's really decayed.

这个东西已经饱受侵蚀了。

But on top of that, there's another issue, and this is the reason why it's a palimpsest.

但此外还有另一个问题,这也是为什么它是一本重写本。

You see, the text apparently sat around in a library in Constantinople until 1229 A.D.

很明显,这份文本在1229年前都在君士坦丁堡的图书馆里好好放着。

阿基米德.jpg

But then a scribe erased, scraped away the writing as clean as he could in order to use the pages to write his own book on.

但接着,一个抄写员把这些字都擦掉,刮干净了,他就能用本子写自己的书了。

Why would he do that? Take a guess.

为什么他要这么做?猜一猜。

Must have been a paper shortage?

纸张短缺?

Well, they used parchment to write on, but yes, there was a parchment shortage.

他们用羊皮纸书写,但对的,当时羊皮纸也出现短缺。

So you are saying the parchment was basically recycled?

你是说,羊皮纸基本都是再利用的?

Correct.

对。

Then, even later on, in the twentieth century, a forger painted ancient-looking pictures on several of the pages in order to make the book seem older and increase its value.

再晚些时候,在20世纪,一个造假者为了让书看起来更古老以提高价格,在某些书页上画了一些看起来像是古代画的图。

So unfortunately, that's quite a history.

所以很不幸,这背后可有不少故事。

But professor Wilkens, if the scribe scraped away Archimedes' words and if these paintings covered the pages, how can the original work be recovered?

但,威尔肯斯教授,如果抄写员把阿基米德的字都刮掉了,这些图案布满书页,那最初的作品是怎么重现的呢?

Ah, that's why I am telling you the story.

啊,这就是我告诉你这个故事的原因。

That's our task as conservationists, isn't it? To find a way.

这是我们作为保护者的任务,不是吗?找出办法。

There were still faint traces of Archimedes'words on the pages.

在书页上还留有阿基米德文字的淡淡痕迹。

First, we tried to make the Archimedes' words stand out with a variety of technologies, using ultraviolet light.

首先,我们用各种技术,让阿基米德的文字从中凸显出来,我们运用了紫外线。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
crumbling

想一想再看

v. 破碎;崩溃(crumble的ing形式) adj.

 
variety [və'raiəti]

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n. 多样,种类,杂耍

 
extremely [iks'tri:mli]

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adv. 极其,非常

联想记忆
original [ə'ridʒənl]

想一想再看

adj. 最初的,原始的,有独创性的,原版的

联想记忆
issue ['iʃju:]

想一想再看

n. 发行物,期刊号,争论点
vi. & vt

 
faint [feint]

想一想再看

n. 昏厥,昏倒
adj. 微弱的,无力的,模

 
forger ['fɔ:dʒə]

想一想再看

n. 伪造者,膺造者,铁匠

 
moldy ['məuldi]

想一想再看

adj. 发霉的;乏味的;陈腐的

 

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