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托福TPO-27 Lecture 2(上)

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Listen to part of a lecture in a history of musical instruments class.

听一段乐器史课程。

Professor: So musical instruments evolved in ways that optimize their acoustical properties, how the instrument vibrates and sends those vibration through the air to our eardrums.

乐器一直在不断演变,优化声学特性,即乐器是怎样振动的,且怎样将所产生的振动通过空气传到我们的耳膜。

Now, professional musicians are very particular about their instruments, they want instruments that help them fully express the intent of the composer, which of course translates into a more enjoyable listening experience for the audience members.

专业音乐家对乐器非常讲究,他们希望乐器能帮他们充分地传达作曲者的意图,而对听众来说,这也肯定是更愉快的听觉享受。

乐器.jpg

Yet most audience members probably aren't even aware of how much the instrument matters.

但大多数听众很可能根本意识不到乐器的重要性。

I mean, OK, think about the last concert you attended.

我是说,好吧,想想你最近去的一次音乐会。

When you applauded, what went through your mind?

当你鼓掌,你想的是什么呢?

Student: I recently heard a violinist who totally blew me away.

我最近听了一位小提琴家的演奏,让我惊呆了。

So when I applauded, I guess I was showing my appreciation for his skill, the hours of practicing he must have put in.

当我鼓掌,我在表达我对他高超技艺的赞赏,他肯定花了大量时间练习。

Professor: And his violin?

他的小提琴呢?

Student: Didn't really think about it.

我还真没想过。

It looked exactly like mine, which is inspiring in a way knowing my violin could also produce beautiful tones, that maybe I would sound that good someday.

那看起来和我的琴一样,这挺鼓舞人心的,让我知道我的琴也能发出这样优美的音色,也许有一天我也能拉得那么好。

Professor: I hope you do. But if your violin isn't as good as his…

我也希望你能。但假如你的小提琴没有他的好……

Student: You mean he might not sound as good playing my violin?

你是指,他拉我的琴可能就没这么好听了?

Professor: As I said, tone quality differs from instrument to instrument.

就像我说的,每件乐器的音质都不同。

The question is why. Why does one instrument sound more beautiful than another, even if they look identical?

问题是为什么。为什么看起来一样的乐器,这个就比那个音质好呢?

重点单词   查看全部解释    
optimize ['ɔptimaiz]

想一想再看

vt. 乐观对待,使 ... 完善

 
inspiring [in'spaiəriŋ]

想一想再看

adj. 令人振奋的,激励人的,鼓舞人心的

 
particular [pə'tikjulə]

想一想再看

adj. 特殊的,特别的,特定的,挑剔的
n.

联想记忆
intent [in'tent]

想一想再看

n. 意图,目的,意向,含义 adj. 专心的,决心的,

 
identical [ai'dentikəl]

想一想再看

adj. 相同的,同一的

 
instrument ['instrumənt]

想一想再看

n. 乐器,工具,仪器,器械

联想记忆
appreciation [ə.pri:ʃi'eiʃən]

想一想再看

n. 欣赏,感激,鉴识,评价,增值

 
concert ['kɔnsət]

想一想再看

n. 音乐会,一致,和谐
vt. 制定计划,通

 
produce [prə'dju:s]

想一想再看

n. 产品,农作物
vt. 生产,提出,引起,

联想记忆
tone [təun]

想一想再看

n. 音调,语气,品质,调子,色调
vt. 使

 

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