Listen to part of a conversation between a Student and a Professor.
Student: I am so sorry I am late, professor Mills.
Student: I just finished at the Student Medical Center.
Student: I twisted my ankle playing soccer this morning.
Student: It took longer than I expected to see the doctor.
Professor: That's okay. Don't worry about it, David.
Professor: So let's get started. Your paper on John Dewey's political philosophy has a few issues I'd like to cover.
Professor: You gave a great biographical sketch in the beginning. Okay.
Professor: But then as you get into his political philosophy, I don't think you've done enough to situate his philosophy within the time period.
Professor: In other words, you haven't connected Dewey's philosophy to the thinking of other intellectuals of the time.
Student: So I haven't captured the most critical influences, the influences that were most significant to his political thinking?
Professor: OK. Now, look back up at the section here, where you wrote about Dewey's view of individuality.
Professor: This is all good content, but you haven't presented the information in a systematic way.
Professor: I really think this portion on individuality needs to come later, after your paragraphs on Dewey's intellectual influences.
Student: After my revised paragraphs on what influenced them.
Professor: Yes. Revised. Let me ask, when you were finished writing, did you go back and ask yourself if all of the material was relevant?
Student: Well, no.
Professor: I do think there are areas that can be cut.
Professor: I guess what I am saying is that your paragraphs aren't really presented in a logical order.
Professor: The direction of your argument isn't crystal clear.
Professor: And there's some unnecessary material getting in the way.
Student: OK. Sounds like I have a lot to do.
Professor: And one more thing, do you have a copy of the department's document on the correct format for intext citations and references?
Student: No. I mean, I look at it online when I was working on this assignment.
Professor: You really should print it out.
Professor: You are going to need it for every paper you write in the political science department.
Professor: It looks like you are getting it mixed up with another referencing system.
Student: Oh, yeah, I used something different in high school.
Student: It's so confusing switching to a new system.
Professor: I know. But remember, everything needs to be consistent when it comes to referencing.
Professor: It is a very important academic convention.
Professor: Oh, also, I wanted to ask you… Will you be at the political science club meeting Saturday?
Definitely. The topic is John Dewey.
Professor: Yes. Are you interested in leading part of the discussion?
Professor: Tom Hayward is looking for someone to help out. I think you'll have a lot to contribute.
That'll be fun. I will give him a call.