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托福TPO-28 Lecture 4(上)

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Listen to part of a lecture in an archaeology class.

听一段考古学课程。

It's every archaeologist's dream to find a lost civilization, to make some huge discovery, to find artifacts no one else has laid a hand on in millennia.

每个考古学家都梦想能发现一个失落的文明,有重大发现,发现千年来都没人碰过的古器物。

You might think that this never happens any more, given all the research in archaeology that's been done.

鉴于考古学界已有的研究,你们可能觉得这不会再发生了。

But in the late twentieth century, archaeologists discovered the remains of a sophisticated people whose settlement might have been the hub of a civilization few people even thought existed.

但在20世纪晚期,考古学家发现了一群高级人的遗体,这个聚落可能正是一个文明的中心,而没有多少人相信这个文明的存在。

哥诺德帕.jpg

They found this site at the edge of a desert in Turkmenistan, in central Asia, where a series of mounds rise up from the plains.

在中亚,人们在土库曼斯坦沙漠边上发现了这个地方,在这里的平原上有好几个土堆。

Now, you might remember because we've talked about this, archaeologists know that mounds such as these are the kinds of geological features that indicate the presence of ancient settlements. Jim?

你们应该记得(因为我们曾讲过这个),考古学家知道,这种类型的土堆是一种地理特征,表示这里可能出现过古代聚落。吉姆?

Um…mounds can be different things, right? Some are burial places…

土堆可以是别的东西吧?有些土堆是墓地……

Exactly. And some are the remains of cities.

正确。还有的是城市遗址。

The inhabitants would build houses and temples you know, what have you.

居民会建房子和寺庙等等。

And over time, those buildings would fall down or be torn down and then be built over.

随着时间推移,这些房子倒塌了,或被拆掉以建新的房子。

Over time, generations of building and rebuilding in the same area would result in a large hill the size of a city.

久而久之,同一地区不断建房和再建,可能会导致一个城市大小的山丘产生。

Careful excavation and documentation of layers in a mound can reveal a wealth of information about the everyday life of a people in a settlement over many periods of occupation.

对土堆不同层次的挖掘和记录能告诉人们大量信息,能告诉人们在不同时期占据此地的聚居人群的日常生活。

Now, this particular site is called Gonur-depe.

这个特殊的地点叫哥诺德帕。

What was found at Gonur-depe was amazing: the ruins of a huge palace complex, the foundations of shops and houses, the remains of thick walls and towers that fortified the city.

人们在哥诺德帕的发现是无比惊人的:巨大的宫殿群废墟、房子和商店的地基,还有用于城市防御的厚墙和高塔残骸。

There was even an elaborate canal system and a lot of very intricate jewelry.

那儿甚至还有精细的运河系统和大量精致珠宝。

All these findings seem to indicate that they are the remains of an ancient civilization that was every bit as advanced as other more famous civilizations of the time, like those in Egypt, or, or China.

这些发现似乎都表明,这些东西都是一个古代文明的遗迹,而这个文明和当时其他著名的文明一样先进,像印度或中国的文明。

And the site dates back to 3,000 B.C.E.

这个地方可追溯到公元前三千年。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
jewelry ['dʒu:əlri]

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n. 珠宝,珠宝类

 
advanced [əd'vɑ:nst]

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adj. 高级的,先进的

 
elaborate [i'læbəreit]

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adj. 精细的,详尽的,精心的
v. 详细地

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archaeology [.ɑ:ki'ɔlədʒi]

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n. 考古学,古迹,文物

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occupation [.ɔkju'peiʃən]

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n. 职业,侵占,居住

 
sophisticated [sə'fistikeitid]

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adj. 诡辩的,久经世故的,精密的,老练的,尖端的

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hub [hʌb]

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n. 毂,木片,中心

 
documentation [.dɔkjumen'teiʃən]

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n. 文件,证明文件,史实,[计]文件编制

 
indicate ['indikeit]

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v. 显示,象征,指示
v. 指明,表明

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particular [pə'tikjulə]

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adj. 特殊的,特别的,特定的,挑剔的
n.

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