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托福TPO-29 Lecture 3(下)

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Since the Clovis people were highly mobile, it's plausible that they would set up spots along established travel routes where they keep a variety of items.

由于克洛维斯人经常迁移,有可能他们会在既定的旅行路线上设一些落脚点并存放一些东西。

Either so that they wouldn't have to carry everything with them or so they could save time once they arrived at a site by not having to make stuff from scratch.

这么做就能省去把所有东西都带上的麻烦,或者能省去他们到了一个地方后从头再造物品的时间。

But there's another theory about the caches based on the quality of some of the points we've found.

但关于这些贮藏物,还有另一种理论,其基础是已发现的矛头的质量。

You see, the points in some caches differ from other points, from points at Clovis camp sites for example.

一些贮藏物的矛头和其它矛头不同,比如说在克洛维斯人的扎营点发现的矛头吧。

克洛维斯人.jpg

For one thing, these cache points are quite large, up to twice as large as regular points, so big that you couldn't attach one to a spear say, and expect to throw the spear accurately over any distance.

一方面,这些贮藏物矛头很大,达到普通矛头的两倍大,这些矛头太大了,以致于不能接在矛上,更别说把矛精确地投出任何距离。

So what were they for?

那它们有什么用呢?

Well, it was originally thought that they were unfinished, that someone was working away a point, then had to stop and put it aside in one of these caches to work on later.

一开始人们认为这些矛头未完工,即有人在做这些矛头途中不得不暂停工作,把这些矛头和别的贮藏物放在一起,以后再接着做。

The problem is: it's unlikely that a point would have started out as large as the points in these caches, that would be a lot of stone to chip away.

问题是:要做一个矛头,不可能一开始就用和这些贮藏物矛头一样大的石头,因为这意味着要凿开很多石头才行。

A toolmaker starts with a smaller piece.

造工具的人会从更小的石块入手。

And actually, far from being unfinished, a lot of these points really show excellent craftsmanship and attention to detail.

而且实际上,很多矛头根本算不上未完工,它们都展示了杰出的工艺和对细节的关注。

And not just with respect to the skill, but also with respect to the raw material, it seems that cached points are made from the very best pieces of stone.

不仅仅就工艺方面而言,还有原材料方面,这些贮藏物矛头看上去都是用顶好的石头做的。

So we have to ask—could these points have served another purpose?

那么我们要问了,这些矛头会不会另有用处?

Maybe be they weren't just tools.

也许它们不仅仅是工具。

Look at it this way: when the Clovis people first arrived in the Americas, they had a lot to learn about their new environment.

这么看吧,当克洛维斯人刚来到美洲时,对于这个新环境,他们有很多东西要学。

Over time, they would have begun to recognize some places as special, important for some reason.

经过一段时间,他们会开始意识到,出于某些原因,一些地方是比较特别的,较为重要的。

Maybe there was always water available there, or the hunting was especially good.

可能那儿通常都有水,或在那儿打猎特别好。

So maybe the cache was a way to mark the place as significant.

所以,可能这些贮藏物是用来标志这个地方很重要的。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
plausible ['plɔ:zəbl]

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adj. 似真实合理的,似可信的

联想记忆
variety [və'raiəti]

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n. 多样,种类,杂耍

 
quality ['kwɔliti]

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n. 品质,特质,才能
adj. 高品质的

 
established [is'tæbliʃt]

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adj. 已被确认的,确定的,建立的,制定的 动词est

 
unfinished [,ʌn'finiʃt]

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adj. 未完成的

 
environment [in'vaiərənmənt]

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n. 环境,外界

 
spear [spiə]

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n. 矛(正负电子对撞机)
vt 用矛刺

 
available [ə'veiləbl]

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adj. 可用的,可得到的,有用的,有效的

联想记忆
attach [ə'tætʃ]

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v. 附上,系上,贴上,使依恋

联想记忆
recognize ['rekəgnaiz]

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vt. 认出,认可,承认,意识到,表示感激

 

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